Total quality management (TQM) as an emergent management technique from dissatisfaction with other existing techniques, is implemented in Nigeria, with some difficulties. Leadership styles and reward are therefore considered as psychological variables that could enhance TQM practice. A survey research was consequently conducted, using the ex‐post facto design, to examine the claim. A total of 418 employees were randomly drawn from TQM and non‐TQM courier organizations and administered standardized scales measuring the variables of interest. A 2 x 2 x 2 analysis of variance carried out showed that employees who perceived their leaders as exhibiting low performance leadership style were significantly higher in the practice of TQM than those who perceived high performance leadership. High reward and low maintenance leadership style, high maintenance and low performance leadership styles were the best combinations for TQM practice. It was suggested for implementers of TQM to consider these in to getting employees to practice TQM.
Leadership & Organization Development Journal – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 2004
Keywords: Leadership; Reward pay structures; Total quality management; Nigeria; Service industries
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera