Purpose – To understand the roles of service‐related parameters, such as imposed cyclic strain amplitude and cyclic strain rate, on the stress relaxation behaviour of eutectic Sn‐Ag solder joints. Design/methodology/approach – Cyclic shear straining with associated stress relaxation at the shear strain extremes imposed was carried out on pre‐strained eutectic Sn‐Ag solder joints with various cyclic shear straining conditions. Results from such experiments were compared with previously reported findings from monotonic shear straining and stress relaxation tests. Findings – At higher testing temperatures with a larger cyclic strain amplitude, stress states realized at the subsequent cycle are comparable with, or even gradually increase on, those experienced at the previous cycle, especially after few cycles. The maximum shear stress obtained at each cycle and residual stress during stress relaxation are strongly affected by cyclic strain rate. Stress relaxation during subsequent cycles of straining was found to be strongly dependent on the test temperature, and the imposed cyclic strain amplitude and cyclic strain rate. Originality/value – In this paper, the experiments were carried out on eutectic Sn‐Ag solder joints with about a 100 μ m joint thickness, which are, therefore, representative of those used in microelectronics. Also, there is no systematic study reporting the effects of cyclic straining conditions on the stress relaxation behaviour of eutectic Sn‐Ag solder for this joint configuration in the published literature.
Soldering & Surface Mount Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 2006
Keywords: Cyclic loading; Stress; Soldering; Strain measurement
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