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The purpose of this paper is to find the studies conducted on women leadership in higher education (WLHE) in the past 20 years to understand as to how the trend has changed over the past two decades around the world and particularly in Vietnam for women leaders in higher education institutions.Design/methodology/approachThis paper used a systematic review of 93 articles published in the past 20 years in WLHE. The articles were classified based on the country of research and the research methods used.FindingsThe study concluded that most of the research in WLHE had been done in the USA and Canada, with a dearth of literature on WLHE in Asia, and only six studies so far have been done in Vietnam, with only two studies being done before 2017. Vietnam is gaining importance in research in WLHE may be because of the increased female labour participation rate and growth in the gross domestic product.Practical implicationsThis study provided some recommendations at the societal, institutional and individual levels, which can help in women empowerment and help women take up the leadership roles.Originality/valueAlthough a variety of reviews have been conducted focusing on different areas in higher education, there is a small number of literature review studies in the field of women leaders in higher education, especially in Vietnam and Asia. Hence, the current study will add this missing part to the growing body of literature in WLHE.
Gender in Management: An International Journal – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jun 21, 2021
Keywords: Gender; Women; Barriers; Leadership; Higher education; Women leadership; Gender inequality; Asia; Vietnam
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