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RESTORED MILL STEAM ENGINE

RESTORED MILL STEAM ENGINE There can be little call for an engine oil grade to suit a 2,800hp mill steam engine turning at a sedate 58rpm, but the Lubricants Division of Total Oil Great Britain Limited now has a product to suit. The unusual request came from the Ellenroad Trust, which wanted a special formulation to lubricate the last great cotton mill powerplant in Britain — the 2,800hp Ellenroad engine at Newhey near Rochdale. The Ellenroad Mill, believed to be the largest working steam mill in the world, was built in 1890 by a group of local entrepreneurs as a 120,000- spindle mule spinning plant, producing low count yarns. Production began in 1892 with an engine built by the local firm of J. & W. McNaught. This was a triple expansion unit capable of 2,000hp running at a sedate 55rpm and diameter flywheel was also fitted and together plans to turn the site into a using steam at 160psi from five boilers. running speed raised to 58rpm, pushing showpiece of Lancashire's industrial the power up to 3,000hp. The flywheel heritage. Twenty-four years later, in 1916, fire is grooved for 44 1.75-inch ropes which destroyed the whole mill, leaving only drove the spinning machines on each the powerhouse and chimney. The site Lubrication Requirements of the mill's five storeys. This system remained out of use until 1919 when was a remarkable 100ft deep and 120ft With a top speed of 58rpm and a 50- it was rebuilt as an 80,000-spindle ring high internally. ton load on the main bearings every spinning mill, an arrangement which demanded more power. This work was The massive flywheel and the two stroke, the oil had to suit a quite un­ tandem engines have been successfully common set of criteria in today's era carried out by Goodfellow of Oldham of high-revving engines. Total develop­ which converted the engine to double restored to full working order. tandem configuration — one side Each boiler was stoked by a Bennis ed a formulation for an SAE 40 mineral- air draft shovel stoker and used 100 based crank oil and a steam cylinder appropriately called Victoria, the other oil that would cope with the extremely Alexandra — and replaced the old tons of coal per week, which rose to boilers with a row of five new 150 tons in mid-winter. The boiler flues high pressures and temperatures within all emptied into the main flue which the engine. The steam cylinder oil is Lancashires made by Tinker Shenton designed to mix with the steam, so that of Stalybridge and running at an led underground to a 220ft-high uprated 180psi. A new 85-ton 28ft chimney which stands separate from wherever the steam goes, the oil goes the boiler house. too, protecting the metal surfaces from corrosion by the water that is left when Two large dynamos to light the mill the engine cools down. were driven from the main engine but as electricity was only produced when The oil is far thicker than most the engine was running this meant that modern formulations and Total had to during dark winter mornings there was introduce a synthetic component to no lighting. Consequently, a separate, obtain the correct viscosity. Every hour smaller steam engine was installed to the engine uses a gallon of oil and drive a dynamo directly for pilot lights. 300,000 gallons of water supplied from This high speed engine, made by the adjacent River Beal. The oil has Browley & Lindley, and its Piatt 70kw also been specially developed to be dynamo, are still in working order. compatible with previous oils used in the machine so as not to interfere with The mill ran with its second engine the existing relationship between engine until 1975, making it the last great components. working steam mill. Coates Brothers Inks took over the Neil Mundy, Marketing Manager of site in 1984 and authorized the Total's Lubricants Division, comments; Ellenroad Trust to begin refurbishing "At Total we have a policy of exactly the mill to its 1919 specification. £1.5m meeting the requirements, wherever later, the Ellenroad engine steams for possible, of our customers — this four hours every week, reviving project represents the most extreme test memories of the Lancashire cotton of that approach!" mills. The Trust is currently putting Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 44 No. 2, 1992, p. 7, © MCB University Press, 0036-8792 ILT March/April, 1992 7 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Industrial Lubrication and Tribology Emerald Publishing

RESTORED MILL STEAM ENGINE

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology , Volume 44 (2): 1 – Feb 1, 1992

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0036-8792
DOI
10.1108/eb053415
Publisher site
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Abstract

There can be little call for an engine oil grade to suit a 2,800hp mill steam engine turning at a sedate 58rpm, but the Lubricants Division of Total Oil Great Britain Limited now has a product to suit. The unusual request came from the Ellenroad Trust, which wanted a special formulation to lubricate the last great cotton mill powerplant in Britain — the 2,800hp Ellenroad engine at Newhey near Rochdale. The Ellenroad Mill, believed to be the largest working steam mill in the world, was built in 1890 by a group of local entrepreneurs as a 120,000- spindle mule spinning plant, producing low count yarns. Production began in 1892 with an engine built by the local firm of J. & W. McNaught. This was a triple expansion unit capable of 2,000hp running at a sedate 55rpm and diameter flywheel was also fitted and together plans to turn the site into a using steam at 160psi from five boilers. running speed raised to 58rpm, pushing showpiece of Lancashire's industrial the power up to 3,000hp. The flywheel heritage. Twenty-four years later, in 1916, fire is grooved for 44 1.75-inch ropes which destroyed the whole mill, leaving only drove the spinning machines on each the powerhouse and chimney. The site Lubrication Requirements of the mill's five storeys. This system remained out of use until 1919 when was a remarkable 100ft deep and 120ft With a top speed of 58rpm and a 50- it was rebuilt as an 80,000-spindle ring high internally. ton load on the main bearings every spinning mill, an arrangement which demanded more power. This work was The massive flywheel and the two stroke, the oil had to suit a quite un­ tandem engines have been successfully common set of criteria in today's era carried out by Goodfellow of Oldham of high-revving engines. Total develop­ which converted the engine to double restored to full working order. tandem configuration — one side Each boiler was stoked by a Bennis ed a formulation for an SAE 40 mineral- air draft shovel stoker and used 100 based crank oil and a steam cylinder appropriately called Victoria, the other oil that would cope with the extremely Alexandra — and replaced the old tons of coal per week, which rose to boilers with a row of five new 150 tons in mid-winter. The boiler flues high pressures and temperatures within all emptied into the main flue which the engine. The steam cylinder oil is Lancashires made by Tinker Shenton designed to mix with the steam, so that of Stalybridge and running at an led underground to a 220ft-high uprated 180psi. A new 85-ton 28ft chimney which stands separate from wherever the steam goes, the oil goes the boiler house. too, protecting the metal surfaces from corrosion by the water that is left when Two large dynamos to light the mill the engine cools down. were driven from the main engine but as electricity was only produced when The oil is far thicker than most the engine was running this meant that modern formulations and Total had to during dark winter mornings there was introduce a synthetic component to no lighting. Consequently, a separate, obtain the correct viscosity. Every hour smaller steam engine was installed to the engine uses a gallon of oil and drive a dynamo directly for pilot lights. 300,000 gallons of water supplied from This high speed engine, made by the adjacent River Beal. The oil has Browley & Lindley, and its Piatt 70kw also been specially developed to be dynamo, are still in working order. compatible with previous oils used in the machine so as not to interfere with The mill ran with its second engine the existing relationship between engine until 1975, making it the last great components. working steam mill. Coates Brothers Inks took over the Neil Mundy, Marketing Manager of site in 1984 and authorized the Total's Lubricants Division, comments; Ellenroad Trust to begin refurbishing "At Total we have a policy of exactly the mill to its 1919 specification. £1.5m meeting the requirements, wherever later, the Ellenroad engine steams for possible, of our customers — this four hours every week, reviving project represents the most extreme test memories of the Lancashire cotton of that approach!" mills. The Trust is currently putting Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 44 No. 2, 1992, p. 7, © MCB University Press, 0036-8792 ILT March/April, 1992 7

Journal

Industrial Lubrication and TribologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Feb 1, 1992

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