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Reforming the world monetary system How Fritz Machlup built consensus among business leaders and academics using scenario analysis

Reforming the world monetary system How Fritz Machlup built consensus among business leaders and... Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine Fritz Machlup's method and use of scenario analysis in the policy discussions around exchange rate solutions to balance of payments problems. Design/methodology/approach – The qualitative research on which this paper is based is the sociohistorical biographical approach, based on a close examination of published works and archival materials. Findings – What makes Machlup unique is his focus on the impact to an economic system of discrete human actions, each set of actions associated with a change in exchange rate policy and the operations and institutions necessary to implement it. Impact on the system was evaluated in terms of three values – balance of payments adjustment, liquidity and confidence. In his use of a system's approach, his focus on change and adjustment to change, and most particularly his focus on human action, Machlup is also distinctively Austrian. Research limitations/implications – This is the first paper generated from the author's far larger planned study of Fritz Machlup and the Bellagio Group. Practical implications – The collaborative exploration of alternative futures by senior teams has become increasingly important to strategic planning by governments and corporations. Originality/value – The story of the Fritz Machlup's contribution to exchange rate regimes, international trade and the balance of payments has remained largely untold. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Management History Emerald Publishing

Reforming the world monetary system How Fritz Machlup built consensus among business leaders and academics using scenario analysis

Journal of Management History , Volume 17 (1): 16 – Jan 11, 2011

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1751-1348
DOI
10.1108/17511341111099529
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine Fritz Machlup's method and use of scenario analysis in the policy discussions around exchange rate solutions to balance of payments problems. Design/methodology/approach – The qualitative research on which this paper is based is the sociohistorical biographical approach, based on a close examination of published works and archival materials. Findings – What makes Machlup unique is his focus on the impact to an economic system of discrete human actions, each set of actions associated with a change in exchange rate policy and the operations and institutions necessary to implement it. Impact on the system was evaluated in terms of three values – balance of payments adjustment, liquidity and confidence. In his use of a system's approach, his focus on change and adjustment to change, and most particularly his focus on human action, Machlup is also distinctively Austrian. Research limitations/implications – This is the first paper generated from the author's far larger planned study of Fritz Machlup and the Bellagio Group. Practical implications – The collaborative exploration of alternative futures by senior teams has become increasingly important to strategic planning by governments and corporations. Originality/value – The story of the Fritz Machlup's contribution to exchange rate regimes, international trade and the balance of payments has remained largely untold.

Journal

Journal of Management HistoryEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 11, 2011

Keywords: Exchange rate mechanisms; Monetary policy; Balance of payments; International economics

References