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Recuperated gas turbine aeroengines, part I: early development activities

Recuperated gas turbine aeroengines, part I: early development activities Purpose – Interest is currently being expressed in heat exchanged propulsion gas turbines for a variety of aeroengine applications, and in support of this, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the relevance of experience gained from development testing of several recuperated aeroengines in the USA in the late 1960s. Design/methodology/approach – Technology status, including engine design features, performance, and specific weight of recuperated propulsion gas turbines based on radial and axial turbomachinery, that were development tested in the power range of about 300 to 4,000 hp (224 to 2,984 kW) is discussed in Part I. Findings – A successful flight worthiness test was undertaken in the USA of a helicopter powered solely by a recuperated turboshaft engine and this demonstrated a specific fuel consumption reduction of over 25 percent compared with the simple‐cycle engine. However; in an era of low‐fuel cost, and uncertainty about the long‐term structural integrity of the high‐temperature heat exchanger, further development work was not undertaken. Practical implications – The gas turbines tested were based on conventional simple‐cycle engines with essentially “bolted‐on” recuperators. Optimum approaches to minimize engine overall weight were needed in which the recuperator was integrated with the engine structure from the onset of design, and these are discussed in Part II. Originality/value – Based on engine hardware testing, a formidable technology base was established, which although dated, could provide insight into the technical issues likely to be associated with the introduction of future heat exchanged aeroengines. These are projected to have the potential for reduced fuel burn, less emissions, and lower noise, and recuperated and intercooled turboshaft, turboprop, and turbofan variants are discussed in Part III. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology Emerald Publishing

Recuperated gas turbine aeroengines, part I: early development activities

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0002-2667
DOI
10.1108/00022660810859364
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Interest is currently being expressed in heat exchanged propulsion gas turbines for a variety of aeroengine applications, and in support of this, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the relevance of experience gained from development testing of several recuperated aeroengines in the USA in the late 1960s. Design/methodology/approach – Technology status, including engine design features, performance, and specific weight of recuperated propulsion gas turbines based on radial and axial turbomachinery, that were development tested in the power range of about 300 to 4,000 hp (224 to 2,984 kW) is discussed in Part I. Findings – A successful flight worthiness test was undertaken in the USA of a helicopter powered solely by a recuperated turboshaft engine and this demonstrated a specific fuel consumption reduction of over 25 percent compared with the simple‐cycle engine. However; in an era of low‐fuel cost, and uncertainty about the long‐term structural integrity of the high‐temperature heat exchanger, further development work was not undertaken. Practical implications – The gas turbines tested were based on conventional simple‐cycle engines with essentially “bolted‐on” recuperators. Optimum approaches to minimize engine overall weight were needed in which the recuperator was integrated with the engine structure from the onset of design, and these are discussed in Part II. Originality/value – Based on engine hardware testing, a formidable technology base was established, which although dated, could provide insight into the technical issues likely to be associated with the introduction of future heat exchanged aeroengines. These are projected to have the potential for reduced fuel burn, less emissions, and lower noise, and recuperated and intercooled turboshaft, turboprop, and turbofan variants are discussed in Part III.

Journal

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace TechnologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 21, 2008

Keywords: Turbines; Aerospace engineering

References