The 1988 Education Reform Act has profoundlyaffected the organisation of education in Englandand Wales. In common with changes in severalother jurisdictions, the power of both the centralgovernment and the schools has been increasedand that of the local authorities decreased. Themajor changes involve a introduction of localmanagement of schools by school governingbodies b introduction of both a nationalcurriculum and a national scheme for assessmentof pupils c reduction of the operational role oflocal education authorities, which will becomemore involved in planning, policy making, andmonitoring d more parental choice of schoolsthat their children attend e the possibility thatindividual schools can apply directly for nationalfunding and f establishment of city technologycolleges. Several implications of those changes arepresented, together with positive and negativereactions. The applicability of some of thosechanges to other systems, especially in Canada,is discussed.
International Journal of Educational Management – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 1991