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Public–private partnership as an innovative approach for sustainable tourism in Guanacaste, Costa Rica

Public–private partnership as an innovative approach for sustainable tourism in Guanacaste, Costa... PurposeThe current tourism model based on luxury hotel resorts in the Gulf of Papagayo (Guanacaste, Costa Rica) is largely affecting the living condition of its nearby communities. This paper aims to discuss the importance of promoting public–private partnerships (PPPs) as innovative forms of governance to increase the sustainability of this tourism model.Design/methodology/approachBased on the review of institutional documents and the PPP literature, this article critically maps each stage of the process to design PPPs for sustainable tourism, taking into account the case of Guanacaste. In this way, it offers a practical guideline to plan partnerships involving academia, public institutions and private partners in particular tourism sites.FindingsThe paper shows that the feasibility of a PPP in Guanacaste strongly depends on the alignment of partners’ local interests, on the adequacy of the partnership to the social and economic conditions of the context wherein it has to be carried out, and on the appropriation of results from partners.Originality/valueThis work combines a theoretical and practical perspective to understand the interactive process to be carried out to design PPPs in developing tourism destinations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes Emerald Publishing

Public–private partnership as an innovative approach for sustainable tourism in Guanacaste, Costa Rica

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1755-4217
DOI
10.1108/WHATT-11-2018-0078
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeThe current tourism model based on luxury hotel resorts in the Gulf of Papagayo (Guanacaste, Costa Rica) is largely affecting the living condition of its nearby communities. This paper aims to discuss the importance of promoting public–private partnerships (PPPs) as innovative forms of governance to increase the sustainability of this tourism model.Design/methodology/approachBased on the review of institutional documents and the PPP literature, this article critically maps each stage of the process to design PPPs for sustainable tourism, taking into account the case of Guanacaste. In this way, it offers a practical guideline to plan partnerships involving academia, public institutions and private partners in particular tourism sites.FindingsThe paper shows that the feasibility of a PPP in Guanacaste strongly depends on the alignment of partners’ local interests, on the adequacy of the partnership to the social and economic conditions of the context wherein it has to be carried out, and on the appropriation of results from partners.Originality/valueThis work combines a theoretical and practical perspective to understand the interactive process to be carried out to design PPPs in developing tourism destinations.

Journal

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism ThemesEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 8, 2019

References