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Psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities: a review of effectiveness research

Psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities: a review of effectiveness research Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the effectiveness of psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities. Design/methodology/approach – This paper focused on summarizing the conclusions of other reviews published in the last ten years, including a recent review by the authors. Findings – The paper concludes that there is evidence that psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities is at least moderately effective. Further, there is evidence of effectiveness of psychotherapy for both child and adolescent, and adult populations. There is also evidence that a range of therapeutic interventions are effective and that a spectrum of problems can be addressed via psychotherapy. Research limitations/implications – This area has received relatively little attention in the research literature and the area lacks a large base of methodologically sound and rigorous studies. There is a need for well‐designed studies, particularly randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and a need for better specification of treatments (e.g. manualized), better outcome measures, and clearer specification of diagnostic categories within the intellectual disability population. Practical implications – This review provides continued support for the use of psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities. Originality/value – This review appears to represent the most current overview of research in this area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities Emerald Publishing

Psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities: a review of effectiveness research

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
2044-1282
DOI
10.1108/20441281111180673
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the effectiveness of psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities. Design/methodology/approach – This paper focused on summarizing the conclusions of other reviews published in the last ten years, including a recent review by the authors. Findings – The paper concludes that there is evidence that psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities is at least moderately effective. Further, there is evidence of effectiveness of psychotherapy for both child and adolescent, and adult populations. There is also evidence that a range of therapeutic interventions are effective and that a spectrum of problems can be addressed via psychotherapy. Research limitations/implications – This area has received relatively little attention in the research literature and the area lacks a large base of methodologically sound and rigorous studies. There is a need for well‐designed studies, particularly randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and a need for better specification of treatments (e.g. manualized), better outcome measures, and clearer specification of diagnostic categories within the intellectual disability population. Practical implications – This review provides continued support for the use of psychotherapy with persons with intellectual disabilities. Originality/value – This review appears to represent the most current overview of research in this area.

Journal

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual DisabilitiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 16, 2011

Keywords: Psychotherapy; Effectiveness; Mental retardation; Intellectual disabilities; Children (age groups); Adolescents; Adults

References