Summarizes the results of a comprehensive investigation into levelsof psychological distress, and factors associated with those levels,among a large and representative sample of Western Australian teachers.Psychological distress was measured by the General Health Questionnaire,and the nine independent variables included five stressors inadequateaccess to facilities frequency of student misbehaviour the extent towhich societal expectations of teachers are seen to be excessive theintrusion of school work into outofhours time and total workload andfour destressors teachers perceptions of the extent of their influenceand autonomy in the school environment of their personal competency andachievement, of the amount of support they receive from colleagues andprincipal and of the acknowledgement and praise they receive. The datashow that levels of distress are high, and that the five stressorscorrelate positively and the four destressors correlate negatively withdistress. The data also confirm the theoretical model used in theresearch, which predicts that the destressors effectively ameliorate thedistress associated with the stressors. While the general pattern of theresults is the same for male and female teachers, some important sexdifferences are identified. Discusses the implications of these findingsfor school administration.
Journal of Educational Administration – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 1992