Poverty and deprivation of immigrants vs. natives in Italy

Poverty and deprivation of immigrants vs. natives in Italy Purpose – Italy has become a migrant receiving country and it has to face with the problem of social inclusion of immigrants. The purpose of this paper is to measure the gap on poverty and deprivation between immigrants and natives since manifest conditions of both of them are an important signal, although not exclusively, of social exclusion. Design/methodology/approach – Poverty analysis typically relies on a single monetary variable such as income and it is characterized by a simple dichotomization of the population into poor and non‐poor. In this paper the authors stress the importance of using a multidimensional and fuzzy approach in order to study disparities between immigrants and natives. The authors cover several of the multifaceted aspects of resources necessary to maintain adequate living standards in a developed country. With the fuzzy methodology, the authors also overcome any limitation of the conventional approach based on the simple dichotomization of the phenomenon. Findings – The empirical analysis is based on data from two official surveys. The authors find that between Italian and immigrant households there are significant differences in poverty and deprivation levels, with a strong disadvantage for the latter. The authors argue that any serious attempt to reduce poverty and deprivation must now include comprehensive reforms in the nation's immigration policies if they are to be taken seriously. Originality/value – The paper makes an original contribution to the understanding of inequality between immigrants and natives, by studying a complex phenomena such as poverty and deprivation in a multidimensional perspective using a fuzzy approach. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Social Economics Emerald Publishing

Poverty and deprivation of immigrants vs. natives in Italy

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0306-8293
DOI
10.1108/IJSE-12-2012-0240
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Italy has become a migrant receiving country and it has to face with the problem of social inclusion of immigrants. The purpose of this paper is to measure the gap on poverty and deprivation between immigrants and natives since manifest conditions of both of them are an important signal, although not exclusively, of social exclusion. Design/methodology/approach – Poverty analysis typically relies on a single monetary variable such as income and it is characterized by a simple dichotomization of the population into poor and non‐poor. In this paper the authors stress the importance of using a multidimensional and fuzzy approach in order to study disparities between immigrants and natives. The authors cover several of the multifaceted aspects of resources necessary to maintain adequate living standards in a developed country. With the fuzzy methodology, the authors also overcome any limitation of the conventional approach based on the simple dichotomization of the phenomenon. Findings – The empirical analysis is based on data from two official surveys. The authors find that between Italian and immigrant households there are significant differences in poverty and deprivation levels, with a strong disadvantage for the latter. The authors argue that any serious attempt to reduce poverty and deprivation must now include comprehensive reforms in the nation's immigration policies if they are to be taken seriously. Originality/value – The paper makes an original contribution to the understanding of inequality between immigrants and natives, by studying a complex phenomena such as poverty and deprivation in a multidimensional perspective using a fuzzy approach.

Journal

International Journal of Social EconomicsEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 5, 2014

Keywords: Poverty; Deprivation; Immigration; Fuzzy measures

References

  • Welfare problems and social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden
    Bask, M.
  • Life conditions and opportunities of young adults: evidence from Italy in European comparative perspective
    D'Agostino, A.; Regoli, A.
  • From Rags to Riches? Immigration and poverty in Spain
    De Bustillo, M.; Antón, J.I.
  • Social deprivation of immigrants in Germany
    Haisken‐DeNew, J.; Sinning, M.
  • Cross‐ethnic networks, self‐reception system, and functional integration of refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Rome
    Korac, M.
  • Immigrants, nations and citizenship
    Miller, D.
  • Understanding social inclusion, social cohesion, and social capital
    Oxoby, R.
  • Migration and poverty
    Skeldon, R.

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