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POLQUAL – measuring service quality in police traffic services

POLQUAL – measuring service quality in police traffic services Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to build a customer quality assessment scale for use in the field of policing – POLQUAL. It adapts and applies a modified SERVQUAL approach to police traffic services in Portugal. Design/methodology/approach – Original data was collected by means of telephone interviews over a three‐month period. The proposed scale's reliability and validity are assessed. Findings – The study shows how it is possible to implement a SERVQUAL‐based approach in police traffic services. The adapted scale – POLQUAL – includes all five original dimensions plus another new dimension “promptitude”. The most negative gaps found are for the dimensions of reliability and tangibles. There was evidence that perceived quality of service decreases as the level of education of the driver increases. The paper did not find a difference between perceived quality of service provided between requested services and imposed services, respectively, represented by the accident service and radar service. Research limitations/implications – The results are based on a specific police services context – that of out of office traffic services in Portugal. Practical implications – The study provides the police traffic services with a tool for measuring quality of service which can provide information for focusing improvement efforts. Social implications – Often the user cannot choose to interact with police services. However, in a democratic society good quality of service is essential for maintaining trust in the police services. Originality/value – The study provides police traffic services with a valid and reliable tool to assess quality of service from the user's perspective. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences Emerald Publishing

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1756-669X
DOI
10.1108/IJQSS-12-2012-0024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to build a customer quality assessment scale for use in the field of policing – POLQUAL. It adapts and applies a modified SERVQUAL approach to police traffic services in Portugal. Design/methodology/approach – Original data was collected by means of telephone interviews over a three‐month period. The proposed scale's reliability and validity are assessed. Findings – The study shows how it is possible to implement a SERVQUAL‐based approach in police traffic services. The adapted scale – POLQUAL – includes all five original dimensions plus another new dimension “promptitude”. The most negative gaps found are for the dimensions of reliability and tangibles. There was evidence that perceived quality of service decreases as the level of education of the driver increases. The paper did not find a difference between perceived quality of service provided between requested services and imposed services, respectively, represented by the accident service and radar service. Research limitations/implications – The results are based on a specific police services context – that of out of office traffic services in Portugal. Practical implications – The study provides the police traffic services with a tool for measuring quality of service which can provide information for focusing improvement efforts. Social implications – Often the user cannot choose to interact with police services. However, in a democratic society good quality of service is essential for maintaining trust in the police services. Originality/value – The study provides police traffic services with a valid and reliable tool to assess quality of service from the user's perspective.

Journal

International Journal of Quality and Service SciencesEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 30, 2013

Keywords: Police; Service quality; User satisfaction; SERVQUAL; Portugal

References