The texturalcentric model of visual and tactile response to textural fabric surfaces was used to extract characteristics that could be used to build a construct definition of texture perception. Using multidimensional scaling analysis permitted subjects to provide numeric judgements of fabrics rather than using words with the individual's historic definition of those terms or without knowledge of some terms. Two hundred and forty subjects 50 per cent male, 50 per cent female provided visual, tactile, or visual and tactile ratings of similarities of fabrics. The 47 fabrics were used in two administrations to ascertain crossvalidation. Data were analysed using MD SCAL Version 5M. Dimensions or characteristics of fabric were statistically analysed and named using bipolar adjectives rough to smooth, plane to depth, irregular to regular surface units, shiny to matt, fine to coarse, light weight to heavy weight, simple to complex, small units to large units, open to compact, and soft to bumpyrough.
International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 1991