Measures perceived locus of control LoC and levels ofoccupational stress in a sample of 189 members of the Devon AmbulanceService, using Levensons multidimensional LoC questionnaire and aspecially designed stress questionnaire. Finds significant positiverelationships between levels of stress and both chance andpowerful others LoC but, contrary to expectations, therelationship between internal LoC and stress was nonsignificant. Thefact that different results were obtained for the internal and twoexternal LoC measures supports Levensons decision to develop separatescales for these variables. However, the practical implications of theresults are limited. As chance and powerful others do genuinely have amajor impact on the working lives of ambulance service personnel, anyattempt to increase internality or reduce externality would run the riskof denying or distorting reality, thus causing serious psychologicalproblems in the longer term.
Journal of Managerial Psychology – Emerald Publishing
Published: May 1, 1993
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