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Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, developing scale with special reference to “inter-variable circular causality and religious (Islamic) discourse”

Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, developing scale with special... This paper aims to seek to develop and validate the scale for organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, which addresses the issue of framing the dependent variable in a dichotomous way in organizational ethical decision-making (EDM) models and complementing the inter-variable circular causality model within the purview of Islamic banking with Quranic orientations.Design/methodology/approachThis study adopted both exploratory and confirmatory approaches. A total of 362 responses were collected from banking practitioners in the United Arab Emirates using a self-administered questionnaire. Content validity test (CVT) and factor analysis were used to refine measurement items and define as well as validate the scale, respectively. Further, the validated factors/scales were tested using the theoretical underpinning of the inter-variable circular causality model with Quranic orientations.FindingsCVT refined the measurement items, and it enhanced the qualitative aspect of the proposed scale. Total three dimensions extracted, i.e. “awareness,” “attitude” and “standards” through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of measurement scale/construct reported through confirmatory factor analysis. Further, a significant inter-variable circular causal relationship was found among the validated dimensions and analysed with an Islamic perspective.Research limitations/implicationsStudy constraints the population into a single industry and a single country. Future studies are suggested to use the newly developed scale/construct in decision-making models and obtain the overall model fit by considering population from diversified organizations and multi countries.Practical implicationsComprehensibility of organizational behaviour has always been critical for the efficient functioning of organizations, especially where the situation involves ethical concerns. The proposed scale can be used as a tool to assess the organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, particularly where the studies intended to examine the determinants of organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues through decision-making models.Originality/valueWhile there is ample literature attempted to examine the organizational EDM, particularly on evaluating determinants of EDM, the majority of the studies have failed to frame the dependent variable of the EDM models adopted for the study in such a manner that is in line with the objective of the study. Although some of the literature suggest the theoretical aspects to address this issue, to date, no work has been done that attempted to develop and validate the scale for the theoretical aspects recommended and confirm with the inter-variable circular causality model. These serve as justification for undertaking this study. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Ethics and Systems Emerald Publishing

Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, developing scale with special reference to “inter-variable circular causality and religious (Islamic) discourse”

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References (41)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2514-9369
eISSN
2514-9369
DOI
10.1108/ijoes-05-2021-0105
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper aims to seek to develop and validate the scale for organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, which addresses the issue of framing the dependent variable in a dichotomous way in organizational ethical decision-making (EDM) models and complementing the inter-variable circular causality model within the purview of Islamic banking with Quranic orientations.Design/methodology/approachThis study adopted both exploratory and confirmatory approaches. A total of 362 responses were collected from banking practitioners in the United Arab Emirates using a self-administered questionnaire. Content validity test (CVT) and factor analysis were used to refine measurement items and define as well as validate the scale, respectively. Further, the validated factors/scales were tested using the theoretical underpinning of the inter-variable circular causality model with Quranic orientations.FindingsCVT refined the measurement items, and it enhanced the qualitative aspect of the proposed scale. Total three dimensions extracted, i.e. “awareness,” “attitude” and “standards” through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of measurement scale/construct reported through confirmatory factor analysis. Further, a significant inter-variable circular causal relationship was found among the validated dimensions and analysed with an Islamic perspective.Research limitations/implicationsStudy constraints the population into a single industry and a single country. Future studies are suggested to use the newly developed scale/construct in decision-making models and obtain the overall model fit by considering population from diversified organizations and multi countries.Practical implicationsComprehensibility of organizational behaviour has always been critical for the efficient functioning of organizations, especially where the situation involves ethical concerns. The proposed scale can be used as a tool to assess the organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, particularly where the studies intended to examine the determinants of organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues through decision-making models.Originality/valueWhile there is ample literature attempted to examine the organizational EDM, particularly on evaluating determinants of EDM, the majority of the studies have failed to frame the dependent variable of the EDM models adopted for the study in such a manner that is in line with the objective of the study. Although some of the literature suggest the theoretical aspects to address this issue, to date, no work has been done that attempted to develop and validate the scale for the theoretical aspects recommended and confirm with the inter-variable circular causality model. These serve as justification for undertaking this study.

Journal

International Journal of Ethics and SystemsEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 5, 2023

Keywords: Factor analysis; Scale development; Content validity test; Exploratory and confirmatory approach; Inter-variable circular causality; Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues

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