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Organised crime and judicial corruption in the Western Balkans Are customary norms playing any role?

Organised crime and judicial corruption in the Western Balkans Are customary norms playing any role? Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the interplay between customary norms and organised crime and consider their implications for judicial corruption. Design/methodology/approach – This paper analyses the links between judicial corruption and organised crime in the Western Balkans generally, and focuses on the role of customary norms in Albania in particular. The paper takes stock from secondary sources and a series of semi‐structured expert interviews with judges, prosecutors, and lawyers in Albania. Findings – This study explains that the impact of customary norms in the interplay between organised crime and judicial corruption in the Western Balkans generally, and in Albania more specifically, although not frequently used, is real and that it carries significant consequences. Research limitations/implications – Due to differences among cultures in the Western Balkans, findings based on Albania are suggestive only for similar societies and indicate areas for future research. Originality/value – The paper demonstrates that mechanisms of customary norms such as vendetta and blood feud killings can neutralise the judiciary and law enforcement agencies when they have been manipulated by organised crime out of their social context for criminal purposes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Financial Crime Emerald Publishing

Organised crime and judicial corruption in the Western Balkans Are customary norms playing any role?

Journal of Financial Crime , Volume 18 (4): 18 – Oct 11, 2011

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1359-0790
DOI
10.1108/13590791111173713
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the interplay between customary norms and organised crime and consider their implications for judicial corruption. Design/methodology/approach – This paper analyses the links between judicial corruption and organised crime in the Western Balkans generally, and focuses on the role of customary norms in Albania in particular. The paper takes stock from secondary sources and a series of semi‐structured expert interviews with judges, prosecutors, and lawyers in Albania. Findings – This study explains that the impact of customary norms in the interplay between organised crime and judicial corruption in the Western Balkans generally, and in Albania more specifically, although not frequently used, is real and that it carries significant consequences. Research limitations/implications – Due to differences among cultures in the Western Balkans, findings based on Albania are suggestive only for similar societies and indicate areas for future research. Originality/value – The paper demonstrates that mechanisms of customary norms such as vendetta and blood feud killings can neutralise the judiciary and law enforcement agencies when they have been manipulated by organised crime out of their social context for criminal purposes.

Journal

Journal of Financial CrimeEmerald Publishing

Published: Oct 11, 2011

Keywords: Albania; Legal personnel; Law enforcement; Corruption; Organized crime; Judicial corruption; Customary norms; Money laundering; Western Balkans

References