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Occupational burnout: a cross‐cultural Israeli Jewish‐Arab perspective and its implications for career counselling

Occupational burnout: a cross‐cultural Israeli Jewish‐Arab perspective and its implications for... Since the 1970s, occupational burnout has become a popular topic of research and an important concern for career counsellors. The majority of studies on burnout focussed on documenting its existence within certain occupational groups. The assumption underlying these studies is that occupational burnout is a universal phenomenon that can be best explained by the stresses characterising a particular occupation or organisation. Few studies examined burnout cross-culturally. The present study attempted to demonstrate the importance of such a cross-cultural perspective using a comparison between Israeli Jews and Arabs, who live in the same country but are culturally different: Arabs traditional and collectivist, Jews modern and individualistic. Interviews with representative samples of the Jewish and Arab populations in Israel show significant differences in occupational burnout and various burnout correlates. Thus, Arabs' burnout correlated negatively with the quality of relationships with mother and father, Jews' with superiors and co-workers. Arabs were significantly less likely than Jews to talk about a work-related problem or approach a counsellor. These findings have both theoretical and practical implications for career counselling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Career Development International Emerald Publishing

Occupational burnout: a cross‐cultural Israeli Jewish‐Arab perspective and its implications for career counselling

Career Development International , Volume 8 (2): 10 – Apr 1, 2003

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 MCB UP Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1362-0436
DOI
10.1108/13620430310465516
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Since the 1970s, occupational burnout has become a popular topic of research and an important concern for career counsellors. The majority of studies on burnout focussed on documenting its existence within certain occupational groups. The assumption underlying these studies is that occupational burnout is a universal phenomenon that can be best explained by the stresses characterising a particular occupation or organisation. Few studies examined burnout cross-culturally. The present study attempted to demonstrate the importance of such a cross-cultural perspective using a comparison between Israeli Jews and Arabs, who live in the same country but are culturally different: Arabs traditional and collectivist, Jews modern and individualistic. Interviews with representative samples of the Jewish and Arab populations in Israel show significant differences in occupational burnout and various burnout correlates. Thus, Arabs' burnout correlated negatively with the quality of relationships with mother and father, Jews' with superiors and co-workers. Arabs were significantly less likely than Jews to talk about a work-related problem or approach a counsellor. These findings have both theoretical and practical implications for career counselling.

Journal

Career Development InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 1, 2003

Keywords: Cross‐cultural management; Israel; Career counselling; Cultural diversity; Stress

References

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