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Nutrients intake and health status of HIV/AIDS patients

Nutrients intake and health status of HIV/AIDS patients Purpose – There are no adequate records on the nutrition of the people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. This paper aims to rectify this. Design/methodology/approach – Purposive sampling technique was used to select 200 PLWHA respondents at the Federal Medical Center Idiaba, Abeokuta. A pre‐tested questionnaire was used to collect information on the subjects’ socio‐demographic characteristics and health status of respondents. A three day 24‐hour recall was used to assess the food intake of the subjects. Adequacy of nutrient intake was assessed as a percentage of the recommended dietary allowance. Packed cell volume (PCV) estimation was investigated using a sub‐sample of 100 respondents. Findings – The values obtained were compared with WHO/UNICEF/UNU reference values. The mean PCV for the 33 men was 31.9±6.62 while the mean value for the remaining 67 females was 29.4±4.87, which was below the reference values. A positive correlation was obtained between the PCV and energy intake ( r =0.528, 33; p <0.01) as well as serum iron ( r =0.474; p <0.01). Practical implications – This study suggests that a healthy diet that is adequate in terms of energy, protein, fat, and other essential nutrients should be promoted in Nigeria as a key component of positive living for people with HIV. Originality/value – This paper may be the first to evaluate the nutrient intake and health status of HIV/AIDS patients in Abeokuta, Nigeria http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nutrition & Food Science Emerald Publishing

Nutrients intake and health status of HIV/AIDS patients

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0034-6659
DOI
10.1108/00346651111170941
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – There are no adequate records on the nutrition of the people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. This paper aims to rectify this. Design/methodology/approach – Purposive sampling technique was used to select 200 PLWHA respondents at the Federal Medical Center Idiaba, Abeokuta. A pre‐tested questionnaire was used to collect information on the subjects’ socio‐demographic characteristics and health status of respondents. A three day 24‐hour recall was used to assess the food intake of the subjects. Adequacy of nutrient intake was assessed as a percentage of the recommended dietary allowance. Packed cell volume (PCV) estimation was investigated using a sub‐sample of 100 respondents. Findings – The values obtained were compared with WHO/UNICEF/UNU reference values. The mean PCV for the 33 men was 31.9±6.62 while the mean value for the remaining 67 females was 29.4±4.87, which was below the reference values. A positive correlation was obtained between the PCV and energy intake ( r =0.528, 33; p <0.01) as well as serum iron ( r =0.474; p <0.01). Practical implications – This study suggests that a healthy diet that is adequate in terms of energy, protein, fat, and other essential nutrients should be promoted in Nigeria as a key component of positive living for people with HIV. Originality/value – This paper may be the first to evaluate the nutrient intake and health status of HIV/AIDS patients in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Journal

Nutrition & Food ScienceEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 13, 2011

Keywords: HIV; Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; Nutrient intake; Health status

References