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New ventures: how team motivation affects financial outcomes

New ventures: how team motivation affects financial outcomes The purpose of this paper is to contribute to understanding the impact of entrepreneurial team composition on new venture performance. Different types of entrepreneurship motivation among founding team members are defined. Using a relatively recent theory as a framework (i.e. self-determination theory), the authors group these motives into two categories: autonomous and controlled motivation. The business impact of the level of each type of motivation within the team, as well as the impact of having team members with different motivational drivers, is examined. New venture performance is modelled in two different ways: financial performance (i.e. return on assets) and innovation performance.Design/methodology/approachThe analyses are based on 66 founding teams active in diverse activity sectors. The teams represent a total of 142 business founders. Data was collected through structured interviews, a company questionnaire and a secondary data source (i.e. certified financial statements).FindingsThe results confirm that the level of autonomous motivation within the team contributes to start-up financial performance, whereas the level of controlled motivation hampers innovation performance. No direct effects of diversity of team member motivation on start-up performance were discovered.Originality/valueThis is one of the first papers to study multiple firm performance effects of the composition of entrepreneurial founding teams in terms of motivation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Business Strategy Emerald Publishing

New ventures: how team motivation affects financial outcomes

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0275-6668
DOI
10.1108/jbs-06-2020-0119
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to understanding the impact of entrepreneurial team composition on new venture performance. Different types of entrepreneurship motivation among founding team members are defined. Using a relatively recent theory as a framework (i.e. self-determination theory), the authors group these motives into two categories: autonomous and controlled motivation. The business impact of the level of each type of motivation within the team, as well as the impact of having team members with different motivational drivers, is examined. New venture performance is modelled in two different ways: financial performance (i.e. return on assets) and innovation performance.Design/methodology/approachThe analyses are based on 66 founding teams active in diverse activity sectors. The teams represent a total of 142 business founders. Data was collected through structured interviews, a company questionnaire and a secondary data source (i.e. certified financial statements).FindingsThe results confirm that the level of autonomous motivation within the team contributes to start-up financial performance, whereas the level of controlled motivation hampers innovation performance. No direct effects of diversity of team member motivation on start-up performance were discovered.Originality/valueThis is one of the first papers to study multiple firm performance effects of the composition of entrepreneurial founding teams in terms of motivation.

Journal

Journal of Business StrategyEmerald Publishing

Published: Dec 1, 2021

Keywords: Innovation; Composition; Start-ups; Motivation; Return on assets; Financial performance; Self-determination theory; Entrepreneurial team

References