Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of the strategies and techniques being used and developed for the fabrication of nanoscale devices. Design/methodology/approach – This paper discusses various nanofabrication technologies and strategies and highlights their merits and limitations. It concludes with a consideration of longer‐term possibilities. Findings – It is shown that top‐down nanofabrication frequently uses lithographic and other techniques derived from the microtechnology industry but recent research appears to have identified a limit to its capabilities. Bottom‐up nanofabrication is less well‐developed but techniques such as molecular mechanosynthesis may offer unique capabilities in the longer‐term. Originality/value – The paper provides a timely review of the rapidly developing field of nanofabrication technology.
Assembly Automation – Emerald Publishing
Published: Sep 27, 2011
Keywords: Nanotechnology; Manufacturing; Nanofabrication; Molecular assembly; Mechanosynthesis; Nanofactory; Manufacturing industries; Assembly