Moderating role of Type‐A personality on stress‐outcome relationships

Moderating role of Type‐A personality on stress‐outcome relationships Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the moderating role of Type A/Type B personality on job stress‐work and non‐work outcomes. While research on the etiology of this predisposition has become important in recent years, there seems to be a lack of agreement regarding its exact moderating effects on important work and non‐work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach – Data collected from US‐based organizations were analyzed using moderated regression analyses. Findings – The results of the study reveal that Type A personality moderates the relationships between job stress and job satisfaction, job involvement and personal life satisfaction. Findings indicate that individuals with Type A personalities do not necessarily experience concomitant decreases in these outcome measures when organizational stress increases. Originality/value – Although there has been an increased interest on the significance of Type A/Type B personality in the area of human stress and cognition, there is no consensus in the literature as to how it might act as a moderator or buffer of the effects of work stress on organizationally and personally valued outcomes. By examining the moderating role of these personality dispositions, our study provides important insights for organizational stress literature. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Management Decision Emerald Publishing

Moderating role of Type‐A personality on stress‐outcome relationships

Management Decision, Volume 51 (9): 12 – Oct 11, 2013

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0025-1747
DOI
10.1108/MD-01-2013-0018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the moderating role of Type A/Type B personality on job stress‐work and non‐work outcomes. While research on the etiology of this predisposition has become important in recent years, there seems to be a lack of agreement regarding its exact moderating effects on important work and non‐work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach – Data collected from US‐based organizations were analyzed using moderated regression analyses. Findings – The results of the study reveal that Type A personality moderates the relationships between job stress and job satisfaction, job involvement and personal life satisfaction. Findings indicate that individuals with Type A personalities do not necessarily experience concomitant decreases in these outcome measures when organizational stress increases. Originality/value – Although there has been an increased interest on the significance of Type A/Type B personality in the area of human stress and cognition, there is no consensus in the literature as to how it might act as a moderator or buffer of the effects of work stress on organizationally and personally valued outcomes. By examining the moderating role of these personality dispositions, our study provides important insights for organizational stress literature.

Journal

Management DecisionEmerald Publishing

Published: Oct 11, 2013

Keywords: Personality; Stress; Satisfaction – job and life

References

  • Relationships of work stressors with aggression, withdrawal, theft and substance use: an exploratory study
    Chen, P.; Spector, P.
  • A meta‐analysis of work demand stressors and job performance: examining main and moderating effects
    Gilboa, S.; Shirom, A.; Fried, Y.; Cooper, C.
  • The contribution of personality traits, negative affectivity, locus of control and Type A to the subsequent reports of job stressors and job strains
    Spector, P.E.; O'Connell, B.J.

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