PurposeThis paper used a novel technique, which is thermo-compression bonding, and Sn-1.0Ag-0.5Cu solder to form a full intermetallic compound (IMC) Cu3Sn joints (Cu/Cu3Sn/Cu joints). The purpose of the study is to form high-melting-point IMC joints for high-temperature power electronics applications. The study also investigated the effect of temperature gradient on the microstructure evolution and the growth behavior of IMCs.Design/methodology/approachIn this paper, the thermo-compression bonding technique was used to form full Cu3Sn joints.FindingsExperimental results indicated that full Cu/Cu3Sn/Cu solder joints with the thickness of about 5-6 µm are formed in a short time of 9.9 s and under a low pressure of 0.016 MPa at 450°C by thermo-compression bonding technique. During the bonding process, Cu6Sn5 grew with common scallop-like shape at Cu/SAC105 interfaces, which was followed by the growth of Cu3Sn with planar-like shape between Cu/Cu6Sn5 interfaces. Meanwhile, the morphology of Cu3Sn transformed from a planar-like shape to wave-like shape until full IMCs solder joints were eventually formed during thermo-compression bonding process. Asymmetrical growth behavior of the interfacial IMCs was also clearly observed at both ends of the Cu/SAC105 (Sn-1.0Ag-0.5Cu)/Cu solder joints. Detailed reasons for the asymmetrical growth behavior of the interfacial IMCs during thermo-compression bonding process are given. The compound of Ag element causes a reduction in Cu dissolution rate from the IMC into the solder solution at the hot end, inhibiting the growth of IMCs at the cold end.Originality/valueThis study used the thermo-compression bonding technique and Sn-1.0Ag-0.5Cu to form full Cu3Sn joints.
Soldering & Surface Mount Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Sep 2, 2019
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