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Micro‐credits in scientific publishing

Micro‐credits in scientific publishing Purpose – New technologies allow for efficient dissemination of scientific knowledge objects (SKOs). Yet they are likely to transform SKOs as well. The aim of this paper is to propose a way to structure SKOs that allows for both a clear individuation of the main scientific contributions and a fine‐grained structure of credits and evaluation. Design/methodology/approach – The authors review and analyze existing practices of structuring SKOs in different disciplines. Findings – Provisionally considering the published paper as an atomic SKO, possible subatomic structures of SKOs are investigated. It is hypothesized that SKOs are meant to satisfy two separated but interdependent sets of constraints, one related to the contribution the SKO makes to the body of knowledge, and another related to the contribution the SKO makes to the reputation of its authors. It is hypothesized that existing SKO structures are not optimal for satisfying both sets of constraints at once. Research limitations/implications – A broader analysis may be needed that covers the totality of existing practices. Practical implications – Guidelines are offered. This paper, including the present abstract, is an example of what the scientific paper of tomorrow could be like. Social implications – The paper proposes better apportioning of scientific credits and evaluation; substantive evolution of the academic publishing and credit attribution models. Originality/value – The idea that the communication and evaluation function of a SKO are differently reflected in their structure is novel. The proposed fine‐grained credit attribution system is novel. The molecular/atomic/sub‐atomic distinction is a new way to fix the terminology. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Documentation Emerald Publishing

Micro‐credits in scientific publishing

Journal of Documentation , Volume 67 (6): 17 – Oct 18, 2011

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0022-0418
DOI
10.1108/00220411111183546
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – New technologies allow for efficient dissemination of scientific knowledge objects (SKOs). Yet they are likely to transform SKOs as well. The aim of this paper is to propose a way to structure SKOs that allows for both a clear individuation of the main scientific contributions and a fine‐grained structure of credits and evaluation. Design/methodology/approach – The authors review and analyze existing practices of structuring SKOs in different disciplines. Findings – Provisionally considering the published paper as an atomic SKO, possible subatomic structures of SKOs are investigated. It is hypothesized that SKOs are meant to satisfy two separated but interdependent sets of constraints, one related to the contribution the SKO makes to the body of knowledge, and another related to the contribution the SKO makes to the reputation of its authors. It is hypothesized that existing SKO structures are not optimal for satisfying both sets of constraints at once. Research limitations/implications – A broader analysis may be needed that covers the totality of existing practices. Practical implications – Guidelines are offered. This paper, including the present abstract, is an example of what the scientific paper of tomorrow could be like. Social implications – The paper proposes better apportioning of scientific credits and evaluation; substantive evolution of the academic publishing and credit attribution models. Originality/value – The idea that the communication and evaluation function of a SKO are differently reflected in their structure is novel. The proposed fine‐grained credit attribution system is novel. The molecular/atomic/sub‐atomic distinction is a new way to fix the terminology.

Journal

Journal of DocumentationEmerald Publishing

Published: Oct 18, 2011

Keywords: Scientific communication; Scientific evaluation; Online publication; Reputation measures; Scientometrics; Credit attribution; Research work; Publications

References