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Mao Zedong's Concept of Chinese and Western Cultures

Mao Zedong's Concept of Chinese and Western Cultures Mao Zedong was the representative figure in the Sinicisation ofMarxism. At the beginning of the May 4th Movement, he advocatedpromoting the transformation of society by proceeding from theactualities of China and inheriting critically the legacy of Chinese andWestern cultures. After he became a Marxist, he firmly resisted thetendency towards divination of the directives of the CommunistInternational, and the Soviet experience of revolution, and tried hardto integrate the universal principles of Marxism with Chinese cultureand Chinese revolutionary practice, thus opening up the way to therevolution in 1949. However, after the founding of the New China hepatterned the economic construction on the Soviet model, and stressedcriticism of the culture of the bourgeois, but dropped his guard againstthe pernicious influences of feudal society so the historical sedimentof the feudal culture became thicker and thicker under cover of Marxism,and finally there occurred the historical tragedy of the GreatLeap Forward and the Great Cultural Revolution. TheThird Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the ChineseCommunist Party repudiated the theoretical basis of the GreatCultural Revolution and brought in a new phase of politicalrestructuring and cultural openness. The author holds that the evolutionof Mao Zedongs concept of Chinese and Western cultures should bestudied and summarised, so that lessons may be drawn from it for thebuilding of a socialist spiritual civilisation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Social Economics Emerald Publishing

Mao Zedong's Concept of Chinese and Western Cultures

International Journal of Social Economics , Volume 18 (8/9/10): 8 – Aug 1, 1991

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0306-8293
DOI
10.1108/03068299110139675
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mao Zedong was the representative figure in the Sinicisation ofMarxism. At the beginning of the May 4th Movement, he advocatedpromoting the transformation of society by proceeding from theactualities of China and inheriting critically the legacy of Chinese andWestern cultures. After he became a Marxist, he firmly resisted thetendency towards divination of the directives of the CommunistInternational, and the Soviet experience of revolution, and tried hardto integrate the universal principles of Marxism with Chinese cultureand Chinese revolutionary practice, thus opening up the way to therevolution in 1949. However, after the founding of the New China hepatterned the economic construction on the Soviet model, and stressedcriticism of the culture of the bourgeois, but dropped his guard againstthe pernicious influences of feudal society so the historical sedimentof the feudal culture became thicker and thicker under cover of Marxism,and finally there occurred the historical tragedy of the GreatLeap Forward and the Great Cultural Revolution. TheThird Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the ChineseCommunist Party repudiated the theoretical basis of the GreatCultural Revolution and brought in a new phase of politicalrestructuring and cultural openness. The author holds that the evolutionof Mao Zedongs concept of Chinese and Western cultures should bestudied and summarised, so that lessons may be drawn from it for thebuilding of a socialist spiritual civilisation.

Journal

International Journal of Social EconomicsEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 1, 1991

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