Malnutrition in primary school‐age children A case of urban and slum areas of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Malnutrition in primary school‐age children A case of urban and slum areas of Bahawalpur, Pakistan Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the determinants of malnutrition of primary school‐age (five to ten years) children in urban and slum areas. The ultimate objective is to frame policy proposals for children's nutritional welfare. Design/methodology/approach – In this empirical study, logit model is applied to 882 observations of primary data. The composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) is constructed to use an indicator of malnutrition. Findings – The probability for anthropometric failure increases by age, birth‐order, female sex and activity of the child (child labor or home‐care activity) other than schooling. The parents' education, specifically mothers' education, can play an important role for child's nutritional status. Malnutrition is positively related with congestion in the household (number of household members per room), while provision of electricity, safe drinking water and underground drainage turns out to be negatively affecting children's malnutrition. The children living in slums are more likely to experience anthropometric failure. Research limitations/implications – From the policy perspective awareness about gender equity of child, adult education, growth of household income specifically of slum areas and improvement in living conditions (through public health works program) may contribute to enhance children's nutritional status. Practical implications – The slums need targeted policy for children welfare regarding their nutrition in the form of provision of public utilities and income support. Originality/value – From the methodological point of view, CIAF has been estimated as a measure of malnutrition. The findings of study may support academicians, policy makers and social activists for human development programs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Social Economics Emerald Publishing

Malnutrition in primary school‐age children A case of urban and slum areas of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0306-8293
DOI
10.1108/03068291111157221
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the determinants of malnutrition of primary school‐age (five to ten years) children in urban and slum areas. The ultimate objective is to frame policy proposals for children's nutritional welfare. Design/methodology/approach – In this empirical study, logit model is applied to 882 observations of primary data. The composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) is constructed to use an indicator of malnutrition. Findings – The probability for anthropometric failure increases by age, birth‐order, female sex and activity of the child (child labor or home‐care activity) other than schooling. The parents' education, specifically mothers' education, can play an important role for child's nutritional status. Malnutrition is positively related with congestion in the household (number of household members per room), while provision of electricity, safe drinking water and underground drainage turns out to be negatively affecting children's malnutrition. The children living in slums are more likely to experience anthropometric failure. Research limitations/implications – From the policy perspective awareness about gender equity of child, adult education, growth of household income specifically of slum areas and improvement in living conditions (through public health works program) may contribute to enhance children's nutritional status. Practical implications – The slums need targeted policy for children welfare regarding their nutrition in the form of provision of public utilities and income support. Originality/value – From the methodological point of view, CIAF has been estimated as a measure of malnutrition. The findings of study may support academicians, policy makers and social activists for human development programs.

Journal

International Journal of Social EconomicsEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 2, 2011

Keywords: Child growth; Child health; Malnutrition; Anthropometry; Epidemiology; Slums; Pakistan; CIAF; Urban areas

References

  • Street children in Pakistan: a situational analysis of social conditions and nutritional status
    Ali, M.; Shahab, S.; Urhijima, H.; de Muynck, A.
  • Variation in poverty and health between slum settlements: contradictory findings from Visakhapatnam, India
    Asthana, S.
  • Height and weight as a reflection of nutritional situation of school‐age children working and living in the streets of Jakarta
    Gross, R.; Landfried, B.; Herman, S.
  • Geography of child mortality clustering within African families
    Kuate‐Defo, B.; Diallo, K.
  • The impact of nutrition during early childhood on education among Guatemalan adults
    Maluccio, J.; Behrman, J.R.; Quisumbing, A.R.; Stein, A.D.
  • The measurement of SES in health research: current practices and steps towards a new approach
    Oakes, J.M.; Rossi, P.H.

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