Loyalty as rent: corruption and politicization of Russian universities

Loyalty as rent: corruption and politicization of Russian universities Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the changes that have taken place in the Russian higher education sector over the last two decades. Specifically, it analyses such phenomena as corruption and politicization of Russian universities through the concept of “loyalty as rent”. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is a synthesis of conceptual work and case study, developing and applying the concept of “loyalty as rent” to the case of Russian higher education. Rapidly developing segments of the Russian economy are known for sprawling informal economic relations. In such segments, illicit revenues may exceed legal income and political influence is considered an economic resource. Findings – Informal approval of corrupt activities in colleges and universities in exchange for loyalty and compliance with the current political regime is commonplace in modern Russia. Political indoctrination of universities is advanced by the ruling political regime in Russia through informal means, while academic meritocracy is no longer honored. The ruling regime uses corruption in the universities to derive its rent not in money but in loyalty to the regime. Originality/value – This paper argues that the widespread corruption in Russian universities may be used by the state in order to gain much needed political support of faculty and students. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy Emerald Publishing

Loyalty as rent: corruption and politicization of Russian universities

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0144-333X
D.O.I.
10.1108/01443331211214730
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the changes that have taken place in the Russian higher education sector over the last two decades. Specifically, it analyses such phenomena as corruption and politicization of Russian universities through the concept of “loyalty as rent”. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is a synthesis of conceptual work and case study, developing and applying the concept of “loyalty as rent” to the case of Russian higher education. Rapidly developing segments of the Russian economy are known for sprawling informal economic relations. In such segments, illicit revenues may exceed legal income and political influence is considered an economic resource. Findings – Informal approval of corrupt activities in colleges and universities in exchange for loyalty and compliance with the current political regime is commonplace in modern Russia. Political indoctrination of universities is advanced by the ruling political regime in Russia through informal means, while academic meritocracy is no longer honored. The ruling regime uses corruption in the universities to derive its rent not in money but in loyalty to the regime. Originality/value – This paper argues that the widespread corruption in Russian universities may be used by the state in order to gain much needed political support of faculty and students.

Journal

International Journal of Sociology and Social PolicyEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 20, 2012

Keywords: Russia; Universities; Politics; Corruption; Informal economic relations; Loyalty; Rent

References

  • Education and corruption
    Heyneman, S.
  • Corruption hierarchies in higher education in the former Soviet Bloc
    Osipian, A.
  • Workplace crime and the informal economy in Ukraine: employee and employer perspectives
    Rodgers, P.; Williams, C.; Round, J.
  • Corruption and abuse of power in educational administration
    Waite, D.; Allen, D.
  • Re‐thinking the nature of the informal economy: some lessons from Ukraine
    Williams, C.; Round, J.
  • Spatial variations in the character of off‐the‐books entrepreneurship: lessons from a study of contrasting districts in Moscow
    Williams, C.; Round, J.
  • Beyond the formal/informal economy binary hierarchy
    Williams, C.; Round, J.; Rodgers, P.
  • Explaining the off‐the‐books enterprise culture of Ukraine: reluctant or willing entrepreneurship?
    Williams, C.; Round, J.; Rodgers, P.

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