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Local overheating of transformers with high currents

Local overheating of transformers with high currents Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to compare losses and temperatures in power transformer tanks for different high current lead arrangements. Design/methodology/approach – 3D computational tools MagNet and ThermNet based on the finite element method are used to calculate magnetic field distribution in 3D models of power transformers. Eddy current losses in conducting metal parts are induced by the stray magnetic field of transformer windings and high current leads. From loss distribution and appropriate cooling condition temperature values are calculated. Findings – From calculation results it is possible to understand advantages and disadvantages of different lead arrangements. The analysis is finalized with a short presentation of the influence of magnetic shielding height on temperature and loss values. Originality/value – Results give transformer designer clearer understanding of precautions that should be taken for avoiding high temperatures on the tank wall of a transformer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Emerald Publishing

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0332-1649
DOI
10.1108/COMPEL-07-2014-0164
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to compare losses and temperatures in power transformer tanks for different high current lead arrangements. Design/methodology/approach – 3D computational tools MagNet and ThermNet based on the finite element method are used to calculate magnetic field distribution in 3D models of power transformers. Eddy current losses in conducting metal parts are induced by the stray magnetic field of transformer windings and high current leads. From loss distribution and appropriate cooling condition temperature values are calculated. Findings – From calculation results it is possible to understand advantages and disadvantages of different lead arrangements. The analysis is finalized with a short presentation of the influence of magnetic shielding height on temperature and loss values. Originality/value – Results give transformer designer clearer understanding of precautions that should be taken for avoiding high temperatures on the tank wall of a transformer.

Journal

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic EngineeringEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 2, 2015

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