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Linear optimal weighting estimator (LOWE) for efficient parallel hybridization of load forecasts

Linear optimal weighting estimator (LOWE) for efficient parallel hybridization of load forecasts Improving the accuracy and reducing computational costs of predictions, especially the prediction of time series, is one of the most critical parts of the decision-making processes and management in different areas and organizations. One of the best solutions to achieve high accuracy and low computational costs in time series forecasting is to develop and use efficient hybrid methods. Among the combined methods, parallel hybrid approaches are more welcomed by scholars and often have better performance than sequence ones. However, the necessary condition of using parallel combinational approaches is to estimate the appropriate weight of components. This weighting stage of parallel hybrid models is the most effective factor in forecasting accuracy as well as computational costs. In the literature, meta-heuristic algorithms have often been applied to weight components of parallel hybrid models. However, such that algorithms, despite all unique advantages, have two serious disadvantages of local optima and iterative time-consuming optimization processes. The purpose of this paper is to develop a linear optimal weighting estimator (LOWE) algorithm for finding the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner.Design/methodology/approachIn this paper, a LOWE algorithm is developed to find the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner.FindingsEmpirical results indicate that the accuracy of the LOWE-based parallel hybrid model is significantly better than meta-heuristic and simple average (SA) based models. The proposed weighting approach can improve 13/96%, 11/64%, 9/35%, 25/05% the performance of the differential evolution (DE), genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO) and SA-based parallel hybrid models in electricity load forecasting. While, its computational costs are considerably lower than GA, PSO and DE-based parallel hybrid models. Therefore, it can be considered as an appropriate and effective alternative weighing technique for efficient parallel hybridization for time series forecasting.Originality/valueIn this paper, a LOWE algorithm is developed to find the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner. Although it can be generally demonstrated that the performance of the proposed weighting technique will not be worse than the meta-heuristic algorithm, its performance is also practically evaluated in real-world data sets. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Modelling in Management Emerald Publishing

Linear optimal weighting estimator (LOWE) for efficient parallel hybridization of load forecasts

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1746-5664
eISSN
1746-5664
DOI
10.1108/jm2-05-2021-0116
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Improving the accuracy and reducing computational costs of predictions, especially the prediction of time series, is one of the most critical parts of the decision-making processes and management in different areas and organizations. One of the best solutions to achieve high accuracy and low computational costs in time series forecasting is to develop and use efficient hybrid methods. Among the combined methods, parallel hybrid approaches are more welcomed by scholars and often have better performance than sequence ones. However, the necessary condition of using parallel combinational approaches is to estimate the appropriate weight of components. This weighting stage of parallel hybrid models is the most effective factor in forecasting accuracy as well as computational costs. In the literature, meta-heuristic algorithms have often been applied to weight components of parallel hybrid models. However, such that algorithms, despite all unique advantages, have two serious disadvantages of local optima and iterative time-consuming optimization processes. The purpose of this paper is to develop a linear optimal weighting estimator (LOWE) algorithm for finding the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner.Design/methodology/approachIn this paper, a LOWE algorithm is developed to find the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner.FindingsEmpirical results indicate that the accuracy of the LOWE-based parallel hybrid model is significantly better than meta-heuristic and simple average (SA) based models. The proposed weighting approach can improve 13/96%, 11/64%, 9/35%, 25/05% the performance of the differential evolution (DE), genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO) and SA-based parallel hybrid models in electricity load forecasting. While, its computational costs are considerably lower than GA, PSO and DE-based parallel hybrid models. Therefore, it can be considered as an appropriate and effective alternative weighing technique for efficient parallel hybridization for time series forecasting.Originality/valueIn this paper, a LOWE algorithm is developed to find the desired weight of components in the global non-iterative universal manner. Although it can be generally demonstrated that the performance of the proposed weighting technique will not be worse than the meta-heuristic algorithm, its performance is also practically evaluated in real-world data sets.

Journal

Journal of Modelling in ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 22, 2022

Keywords: Weighting estimators; Time series forecasting; Hybridization structures; Meta-heuristic optimization algorithm; Global non-iterative optimization processes; Load forecasting; Artificial intelligence; Energy; Forecasting

References