The author explains that both the 14.5 million population and the distance which Australia is from major publishing centres may account for the enthusiasm for new technology. Libraries in Australia were early users of minicomputers. A feature of these developments has been the growth in the country's telecommunications culminating in the introduction of MIDAS in 1979 and the use of online databases via Lockheed, SDC and OCLC. Access to databases within Australia is now achieved through AUSINET and CSIRONET. This has promoted library automation, which is here dealt with in three phases Phase I relates to punchedcard systems Phase II is characterised by the introduction of AUSMARC in 1971 and the establishment of the Australian MARC record service under this phase are described the developments in systems for acquisitions, cataloguing, data entry, circulation control, and serials receipts Phase III covers the shared systems and cooperative networks. The article ends by briefly surveying the future which seems largely dependent on the success of the National Library of Australia's development programme for hardware and software to provide a nationwide service.
Program: electronic library and information systems – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 1981