In the Indian judicial system, the court considers interpretations of similar previous judgments for the present case. An essential requirement of legal practitioners is to determine the most relevant judgments from an enormous amount of judgments for preparing supportive, beneficial and favorable arguments against the opponent. It urges a strong demand to develop a Legal Document Recommendation System (LDRS) to automate the process. In existing works, traditionally preprocessed judgment corpus is processed by Doc2Vec to learn semantically rich judgment embedding space (i.e. vector space). Here, vectors of semantically relevant judgments are in close proximity, as Doc2Vec can effectively capture semantic meanings. The enormous amount of judgments produces a huge noisy corpus and vocabulary which possesses a significant challenge: traditional preprocessing cannot fully eliminate noisy data from the corpus and due to this, the Doc2Vec demands huge memory and time to learn the judgment embedding. It also adversely affects the recommendation performance in terms of correctness. This paper aims to develop an effective and efficient LDRS to support civilians and the legal fraternity.Design/methodology/approachTo overcome previously mentioned challenges, this research proposes the LDRS that uses the proposed Generalized English and Indian Legal Dictionary (GEILD) which keeps the corpus of relevant dictionary words only and discards noisy elements. Accordingly, the proposed LDRS significantly reduces the corpus size, which can potentially improve the space and time efficiency of Doc2Vec.FindingsThe experimental results confirm that the proposed LDRS with GEILD yield superior performance in terms of accuracy, F1-Score, MCC-Score, with significant improvement in the space and time efficiency.Originality/valueThe proposed LDRS uses the customized domain-specific preprocessing and novel legal dictionary (i.e. GEILD) to precisely recommend the relevant judgments. The proposed LDRS can be incorporated with online legal search repositories/engines to enrich their functionality.
International Journal of Web Information Systems – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jul 27, 2021
Keywords: Legal recommendation system; Legal dictionary; Judgments; Document embedding; Similarity analysis