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Leadership competencies for the 21st century: a review from the Western world literature

Leadership competencies for the 21st century: a review from the Western world literature The proliferation of studies on leadership competencies have not yet provided a consistent set to guide the work of researchers and practitioners. This paper aims to generate a clear, literature-based overview of the relevant leadership competencies for the twenty-first century.Design/methodology/approachThe paper is an integrative literature review and identifies four strands of literature on leadership, reaching back to traditional works. It reviews each strand to establish which leadership competencies remain relevant for the twenty-first century.FindingsThis paper shows it is essential to clarify and harmonize terminology used in leadership literature. It identifies 18 groups of leadership competencies required for the twenty-first century. The research reveals that leaders of the twenty-first century must be able to combine a strong concern for people, customer experience, digitalization, financialization and the general good.Research limitations/implicationsThis paper is based on a non-exhaustive list of literature derived from studies published in Western journals, written in English. Future research should include papers beyond the confines of Western academia and entail fieldwork to test the comprehensive framework derived here.Practical implicationsThis paper will help practitioners develop leadership training curricula and transform the leadership culture in their organizations. The competency list can be useful in recruitment and selection processes for leadership positions. Professionals will find it helpful as an index in self-diagnosis and personal development for their career decision choices.Originality/valueThe paper addresses the growing need for clarity on the required leadership competencies for the twenty-first century. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Training and Development Emerald Publishing

Leadership competencies for the 21st century: a review from the Western world literature

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2046-9012
DOI
10.1108/ejtd-04-2020-0078
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The proliferation of studies on leadership competencies have not yet provided a consistent set to guide the work of researchers and practitioners. This paper aims to generate a clear, literature-based overview of the relevant leadership competencies for the twenty-first century.Design/methodology/approachThe paper is an integrative literature review and identifies four strands of literature on leadership, reaching back to traditional works. It reviews each strand to establish which leadership competencies remain relevant for the twenty-first century.FindingsThis paper shows it is essential to clarify and harmonize terminology used in leadership literature. It identifies 18 groups of leadership competencies required for the twenty-first century. The research reveals that leaders of the twenty-first century must be able to combine a strong concern for people, customer experience, digitalization, financialization and the general good.Research limitations/implicationsThis paper is based on a non-exhaustive list of literature derived from studies published in Western journals, written in English. Future research should include papers beyond the confines of Western academia and entail fieldwork to test the comprehensive framework derived here.Practical implicationsThis paper will help practitioners develop leadership training curricula and transform the leadership culture in their organizations. The competency list can be useful in recruitment and selection processes for leadership positions. Professionals will find it helpful as an index in self-diagnosis and personal development for their career decision choices.Originality/valueThe paper addresses the growing need for clarity on the required leadership competencies for the twenty-first century.

Journal

European Journal of Training and DevelopmentEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 16, 2021

Keywords: Competencies; Leadership; Twenty-first century; Leadership competencies; Leadership and twenty-first century; Leadership competencies for the twenty-first century

References