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Leader empathy, ethical leadership, and relations‐oriented behaviors as antecedents of leader‐member exchange quality

Leader empathy, ethical leadership, and relations‐oriented behaviors as antecedents of... Purpose – Leader empathy, ethical values, and relations‐oriented behavior all appear to be relevant for effective leadership, but nobody has examined how all three variables are jointly related to leader‐member exchange quality (LMX). The purpose of this study is to examine these relationships and test a proposed model describing them. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected with a questionnaire from subordinates of leaders in several organizations, and SEM path analysis was used to test alternative models. Findings – The results indicated that a leader's relations‐oriented behavior fully mediated the relationship between leader empathy on LMX and partially mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and LMX. Recommendations for future research to verify and extend the results were provided. Originality/value – This is the first empirical study to simultaneously examine the complex relationships among these four different aspects of leadership (i.e. a skill, values, behaviors, and exchange relationship). The authors' measure of ethical leadership minimizes confounding with other constructs, which is a problem in earlier studies. The practical implication is that leader empathy and ethical leadership should be included in leadership selection and development programs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Managerial Psychology Emerald Publishing

Leader empathy, ethical leadership, and relations‐oriented behaviors as antecedents of leader‐member exchange quality

Journal of Managerial Psychology , Volume 25 (6): 17 – Aug 17, 2010

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0268-3946
DOI
10.1108/02683941011056932
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Leader empathy, ethical values, and relations‐oriented behavior all appear to be relevant for effective leadership, but nobody has examined how all three variables are jointly related to leader‐member exchange quality (LMX). The purpose of this study is to examine these relationships and test a proposed model describing them. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected with a questionnaire from subordinates of leaders in several organizations, and SEM path analysis was used to test alternative models. Findings – The results indicated that a leader's relations‐oriented behavior fully mediated the relationship between leader empathy on LMX and partially mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and LMX. Recommendations for future research to verify and extend the results were provided. Originality/value – This is the first empirical study to simultaneously examine the complex relationships among these four different aspects of leadership (i.e. a skill, values, behaviors, and exchange relationship). The authors' measure of ethical leadership minimizes confounding with other constructs, which is a problem in earlier studies. The practical implication is that leader empathy and ethical leadership should be included in leadership selection and development programs.

Journal

Journal of Managerial PsychologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 17, 2010

Keywords: Ethics; Leadership; Behavior

References