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JD-R model on psychological well-being and the moderating effect of job discrimination in the model

JD-R model on psychological well-being and the moderating effect of job discrimination in the model The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of chronic job discrimination on the relationships among job demands, job resources, personal resources and psychological well-being among aged workers.Design/methodology/approachThis study used “National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS Refresher)” data collected from 862 aged workers in the United States from 2011-2014. A moderated multiple regression analysis was adopted.FindingsThe results of the multiple regression analysis show that skill discretion, self-esteem, optimism and active coping had positive effects on psychological well-being, while chronic job discrimination had a negative effect on psychological well-being. Co-worker support, supervisor support, job demands and decision-making authority were not significant. Among the interaction terms, the moderating effect between optimism and chronic job discrimination was significant.Originality/valueBased on the results, this study offers implications for understanding the effects of job discrimination in the workplace among aged workers and their perceived psychological well-being, in the context of job demands and resources (JD-R) model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Training and Development Emerald Publishing

JD-R model on psychological well-being and the moderating effect of job discrimination in the model

European Journal of Training and Development , Volume 43 (3/4): 18 – May 8, 2019

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2046-9012
DOI
10.1108/ejtd-07-2018-0059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of chronic job discrimination on the relationships among job demands, job resources, personal resources and psychological well-being among aged workers.Design/methodology/approachThis study used “National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS Refresher)” data collected from 862 aged workers in the United States from 2011-2014. A moderated multiple regression analysis was adopted.FindingsThe results of the multiple regression analysis show that skill discretion, self-esteem, optimism and active coping had positive effects on psychological well-being, while chronic job discrimination had a negative effect on psychological well-being. Co-worker support, supervisor support, job demands and decision-making authority were not significant. Among the interaction terms, the moderating effect between optimism and chronic job discrimination was significant.Originality/valueBased on the results, this study offers implications for understanding the effects of job discrimination in the workplace among aged workers and their perceived psychological well-being, in the context of job demands and resources (JD-R) model.

Journal

European Journal of Training and DevelopmentEmerald Publishing

Published: May 8, 2019

Keywords: Optimism; Psychological well-being; Personal resources

References