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Islamic vs conventional Human Development Index: empirical evidence from ten Muslim countries

Islamic vs conventional Human Development Index: empirical evidence from ten Muslim countries PurposeGiven the fact that the Islamic economic paradigm differs from the secular capitalist paradigm in terms of its emphasis on morality and spirituality, the author thinks that the current Human Development Index (HDI) does not capture human development from an Islamic perspective. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to provide a paradigmatic, theoretical, and conceptual model for the suggested Islamic HDI (iHDI) and second, to present several proxy variables for multi-dimensional iHDI and test the proposed index through empirical data for ten Muslim countries.Design/methodology/approachThe author developed eight-dimensional composite iHDIs based on the understanding of human nature from the Tawhidi anthropology. These dimensions included physical, reasoning, spiritual, ethical, animal, social, deciding, and oppressive selves. The author measured them using nine different indices, three of which came from the conventional HDI (cHDI). The author then compared the rankings of those Muslim countries in iHDI to those in cHDI.FindingsThe iHDI rankings for all Muslim countries except two differed from those in cHDI. The difference was more substantial for countries with higher economic development. Thus, improved cHDI rankings for Muslim countries based on their economic development do not necessarily mean that they move toward ideal human development. This finding confirms the need for an alternative human development indexing approach from an Islamic perspective.Research limitations/implicationsThe paper is likely to initiate movement to develop an alternative HDI from Islamic perspective.Practical implicationsThe paper findings have important policy implications for Muslim countries.Originality/valueIt is the first empirical paper showing how to develop an alternative HDI from an Islamic perspective. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Social Economics Emerald Publishing

Islamic vs conventional Human Development Index: empirical evidence from ten Muslim countries

International Journal of Social Economics , Volume 44 (12): 22 – Dec 4, 2017

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0306-8293
DOI
10.1108/IJSE-03-2016-0091
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeGiven the fact that the Islamic economic paradigm differs from the secular capitalist paradigm in terms of its emphasis on morality and spirituality, the author thinks that the current Human Development Index (HDI) does not capture human development from an Islamic perspective. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to provide a paradigmatic, theoretical, and conceptual model for the suggested Islamic HDI (iHDI) and second, to present several proxy variables for multi-dimensional iHDI and test the proposed index through empirical data for ten Muslim countries.Design/methodology/approachThe author developed eight-dimensional composite iHDIs based on the understanding of human nature from the Tawhidi anthropology. These dimensions included physical, reasoning, spiritual, ethical, animal, social, deciding, and oppressive selves. The author measured them using nine different indices, three of which came from the conventional HDI (cHDI). The author then compared the rankings of those Muslim countries in iHDI to those in cHDI.FindingsThe iHDI rankings for all Muslim countries except two differed from those in cHDI. The difference was more substantial for countries with higher economic development. Thus, improved cHDI rankings for Muslim countries based on their economic development do not necessarily mean that they move toward ideal human development. This finding confirms the need for an alternative human development indexing approach from an Islamic perspective.Research limitations/implicationsThe paper is likely to initiate movement to develop an alternative HDI from Islamic perspective.Practical implicationsThe paper findings have important policy implications for Muslim countries.Originality/valueIt is the first empirical paper showing how to develop an alternative HDI from an Islamic perspective.

Journal

International Journal of Social EconomicsEmerald Publishing

Published: Dec 4, 2017

References