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Interest rate liberalization and bank liquidity creation: evidence from China

Interest rate liberalization and bank liquidity creation: evidence from China This study aims to empirically analyze how interest rate liberalization affects bank liquidity creation, and investigate whether the relationship between them is linear.Design/methodology/approachBased on panel data on 145 banks in China over the period 1997–2015, this paper regresses the econometric model by conducting feasible generalized least square estimation.FindingsThe regression results show that, first, interest rate liberalization has a nonlinear impact on bank liquidity creation, and the relationship between them is inverted U-shaped. In other words, as interest rate liberalization progresses, bank liquidity creation increases first, and then decreases. Second, through the mediation effect tests, this study found that interest rate liberalization affects bank liquidity creation through bank risk-taking. That is, interest rate liberalization leads to changes in bank risk-taking, thus resulting in changes in bank liquidity creation.Research limitations/implicationsThe effect of interest rate liberalization on bank liquidity creation is nonlinear, so promoting interest rate liberalization faces a trade-off because excessive bank liquidity creation may lead to asset price bubbles, while insufficient bank liquidity creation may inhibit economic growth.Practical implicationsInterest rate liberalization has a significant impact on bank liquidity creation; therefore, bank liquidity creation should be added to the objective function of the regulator that determines interest rate liberalization reform in China.Social implicationsInterest rate liberalization has a direct impact on bank risk-taking, so the consequences of interest rate liberalization should be included in the framework of macro-prudential supervision.Originality/valueInterest rate liberalization is one of the most important financial reforms in China, yet its potential impact on firm-level bank liquidity is little explored. This paper attempts to fill the gap. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png China Finance Review International Emerald Publishing

Interest rate liberalization and bank liquidity creation: evidence from China

China Finance Review International , Volume 10 (4): 15 – Sep 22, 2020

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2044-1398
DOI
10.1108/cfri-06-2019-0081
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aims to empirically analyze how interest rate liberalization affects bank liquidity creation, and investigate whether the relationship between them is linear.Design/methodology/approachBased on panel data on 145 banks in China over the period 1997–2015, this paper regresses the econometric model by conducting feasible generalized least square estimation.FindingsThe regression results show that, first, interest rate liberalization has a nonlinear impact on bank liquidity creation, and the relationship between them is inverted U-shaped. In other words, as interest rate liberalization progresses, bank liquidity creation increases first, and then decreases. Second, through the mediation effect tests, this study found that interest rate liberalization affects bank liquidity creation through bank risk-taking. That is, interest rate liberalization leads to changes in bank risk-taking, thus resulting in changes in bank liquidity creation.Research limitations/implicationsThe effect of interest rate liberalization on bank liquidity creation is nonlinear, so promoting interest rate liberalization faces a trade-off because excessive bank liquidity creation may lead to asset price bubbles, while insufficient bank liquidity creation may inhibit economic growth.Practical implicationsInterest rate liberalization has a significant impact on bank liquidity creation; therefore, bank liquidity creation should be added to the objective function of the regulator that determines interest rate liberalization reform in China.Social implicationsInterest rate liberalization has a direct impact on bank risk-taking, so the consequences of interest rate liberalization should be included in the framework of macro-prudential supervision.Originality/valueInterest rate liberalization is one of the most important financial reforms in China, yet its potential impact on firm-level bank liquidity is little explored. This paper attempts to fill the gap.

Journal

China Finance Review InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 22, 2020

Keywords: Interest rate liberalization; Bank liquidity creation; Bank risk-taking; Bank balance sheet; Mediation effect; Feasible generalized least squares; G18; G21

References