PurposeThis paper aims to explore the moderating effect of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection on the relationship between migrants and competitiveness.Design/methodology/approachThis study explores how IPR protection in the sending country stimulates domestic competitiveness by creating the right environment for migrants who want to return to their home country.FindingsThe authors found that IPR protection has a positive moderating effect on the relationship between migrants and competitiveness. This impact decreases as the technology of the home country approaches frontier technology. Focusing on female migrants, the authors find that this impact exists and exhibits a U-shaped relationship over the course of economic development.Originality/valueFirst, this is the first empirical analysis focusing on the influence of returned emigrants on competitiveness. Second, the moderating effect of IPR varies with economic development. Third, this study focuses on female migrants and finds that there is an impact, and this impact exhibits a U-shaped relationship over the course of economic development.
International Journal of Development Issues – Emerald Publishing
Published: Apr 4, 2017