Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects on fitness outcomes of a work-based physical exercise (PE) intervention among women working in older people’s care. In addition, effects on productivity-related outcomes including work ability and sickness absence were studied. Design/methodology/approach – Employees participated in a one-year intervention involving two one-hour weekly mandatory PE sessions. The intervention ( n =13) was compared to referents ( n =12). Fitness tests and self-reports on work ability and sickness absence were obtained before the intervention (T1), six months into the intervention and after 12 months. Findings – Fitness test scores (corrected for age and weight) increased significantly over time in the intervention group but not among referents. Perceived exertion decreased significantly in the intervention group and increased significantly among referents. For self-rated work ability and sickness absence, no significant time or group differences emerged. Research limitations/implications – Further research on larger groups of women is needed to delineate the effects of PE on self-rated productivity and performance. Practical implications – Work-based PE programs can improve fitness among women in older people’s care. Social implications – With previous research having primarily focussed on men, this study shows that women in blue-collar jobs also may benefit from taking part in work-based PE programs. Originality/value – This paper makes an important contribution through its focus on the effects of a work-based PE program on fitness and possible relations to productivity, among employed women.
International Journal of Workplace Health Management – Emerald Publishing
Published: Mar 9, 2015