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Implementation of a single motor driven manipulator with multiple joints

Implementation of a single motor driven manipulator with multiple joints Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the design and implementation of a new manipulator with six joints driven by a single DC motor. Design/methodology/approach – The manipulator consists of several modules, each of which has the twisting and pivoting degrees of freedom. Two clutches and one brake are mounted to control each joint. A clutch model based on PWM control is built to compute the average velocity of each clutch. Two parameters are involved in the model: PWM frequency and duty ratio. PWM frequency is limited by the natural frequencies of structure with all postures. The theoretical duty ratio should be adjusted according to the clutch model. Two experiments – line tracking and arc tracking – are carried out to verify the effectiveness of the control system. Findings – The study has designed a manipulator with six joints driven by a single DC motor which powers all the modules through a main shaft and several clutches. In the manipulator, all the modules are supplied with a constant speed input and provide a bi‐directional variable output. Experimental results show the clutch model built for the manipulator can be applied to the joint control of all multi‐joint manipulators. Originality/value – The paper describes a dexterous and light‐weight manipulator driven by a single motor and designed with bi‐directional joints. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Industrial Robot: An International Journal Emerald Publishing

Implementation of a single motor driven manipulator with multiple joints

Industrial Robot: An International Journal , Volume 38 (1): 10 – Jan 11, 2011

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0143-991X
DOI
10.1108/01439911111097841
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the design and implementation of a new manipulator with six joints driven by a single DC motor. Design/methodology/approach – The manipulator consists of several modules, each of which has the twisting and pivoting degrees of freedom. Two clutches and one brake are mounted to control each joint. A clutch model based on PWM control is built to compute the average velocity of each clutch. Two parameters are involved in the model: PWM frequency and duty ratio. PWM frequency is limited by the natural frequencies of structure with all postures. The theoretical duty ratio should be adjusted according to the clutch model. Two experiments – line tracking and arc tracking – are carried out to verify the effectiveness of the control system. Findings – The study has designed a manipulator with six joints driven by a single DC motor which powers all the modules through a main shaft and several clutches. In the manipulator, all the modules are supplied with a constant speed input and provide a bi‐directional variable output. Experimental results show the clutch model built for the manipulator can be applied to the joint control of all multi‐joint manipulators. Originality/value – The paper describes a dexterous and light‐weight manipulator driven by a single motor and designed with bi‐directional joints.

Journal

Industrial Robot: An International JournalEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 11, 2011

Keywords: Robotics; Electric motors; Control systems; Actuators

References