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Impact of non-oil sectors on GDP/capita in selected African countries: evidence from panel analysis

Impact of non-oil sectors on GDP/capita in selected African countries: evidence from panel analysis The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact or contribution of non-oil sectors on economic growth (GDP/capita) of some selected African countries using panel data analysis.Design/methodology/approachThe paper focused on secondary data for the period 1991–2019 for macro parameters, including agriculture, industry, export and service, and GDP/capita received from World Development Indicators (WDI). Panel unit root tests like Levin, Lin and Chu test and Im, Pesaran and Shin test, Johansen co-integration test, Granger causality test and an error correction model were also applied to the data for analysis.FindingsThe study reveals no causality from agriculture to economic growth, which implies most of the African countries (used in this study) have neglected agriculture as a source of economic growth. The industry independent variable was of no effect on these countries’ economic growth, whereas the findings reveal that industry has causality on economic growth. Economic growth has no causality on the industry, which means the industry is not contributing to economic growth. The study also shows no causality from export and service to economic growth, but a causality runs from economic growth to export and service.Originality/valueThe paper examines the contribution of the non-oil sectors to economic growth in selected African countries. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development Emerald Publishing

Impact of non-oil sectors on GDP/capita in selected African countries: evidence from panel analysis

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2042-5945
DOI
10.1108/wjstsd-03-2021-0037
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact or contribution of non-oil sectors on economic growth (GDP/capita) of some selected African countries using panel data analysis.Design/methodology/approachThe paper focused on secondary data for the period 1991–2019 for macro parameters, including agriculture, industry, export and service, and GDP/capita received from World Development Indicators (WDI). Panel unit root tests like Levin, Lin and Chu test and Im, Pesaran and Shin test, Johansen co-integration test, Granger causality test and an error correction model were also applied to the data for analysis.FindingsThe study reveals no causality from agriculture to economic growth, which implies most of the African countries (used in this study) have neglected agriculture as a source of economic growth. The industry independent variable was of no effect on these countries’ economic growth, whereas the findings reveal that industry has causality on economic growth. Economic growth has no causality on the industry, which means the industry is not contributing to economic growth. The study also shows no causality from export and service to economic growth, but a causality runs from economic growth to export and service.Originality/valueThe paper examines the contribution of the non-oil sectors to economic growth in selected African countries.

Journal

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable DevelopmentEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 6, 2021

Keywords: Agriculture; Economic growth; Export and service; Industry; Non-oil sector; Panel data

References