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How the operationalization of exposure impacts studies on direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs

How the operationalization of exposure impacts studies on direct-to-consumer advertising of... Without having a shared operationalization of what constitutes a direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) exposure, it is impossible to accurately generalize findings about their effects. First, it needs to be established how the variables involved in exposures impact outcomes. This will allow for more accurate operationalizations.Design/methodology/approachA sample of 216 participants were recruited from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk and randomly assigned into one of four conditions to take an online survey. A 2 × 2 experiment (active/passive attention × low/high exposure) was conducted to determine if the level of attention, otherwise known as attentiveness, and the number of exposures impacted preferences for a fictitious prescription sleep aid.FindingsResults indicated a significant difference among active and passive conditions such that active exposures resulted in stronger positive preferences.Research limitations/implicationsStudies using different operationalizations should not be aggregated for generalizations about the effects of DTCA of prescription drugs.Originality/valueThis paper urges researchers to clearly operationalize their definitions for “exposure” and to be hesitant about generalizing findings studies using different definitions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing Emerald Publishing

How the operationalization of exposure impacts studies on direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1750-6123
DOI
10.1108/ijphm-03-2019-0021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Without having a shared operationalization of what constitutes a direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) exposure, it is impossible to accurately generalize findings about their effects. First, it needs to be established how the variables involved in exposures impact outcomes. This will allow for more accurate operationalizations.Design/methodology/approachA sample of 216 participants were recruited from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk and randomly assigned into one of four conditions to take an online survey. A 2 × 2 experiment (active/passive attention × low/high exposure) was conducted to determine if the level of attention, otherwise known as attentiveness, and the number of exposures impacted preferences for a fictitious prescription sleep aid.FindingsResults indicated a significant difference among active and passive conditions such that active exposures resulted in stronger positive preferences.Research limitations/implicationsStudies using different operationalizations should not be aggregated for generalizations about the effects of DTCA of prescription drugs.Originality/valueThis paper urges researchers to clearly operationalize their definitions for “exposure” and to be hesitant about generalizing findings studies using different definitions.

Journal

International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare MarketingEmerald Publishing

Published: Dec 10, 2020

Keywords: Advertising; Exposure; Pharmaceutical marketing; Direct-to-consumer; Prescription drugs

References