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How DUST causes Engine Wear

How DUST causes Engine Wear Ho w DUST causes Engine Wear I N a paper presented recently to the SAE National Tractor Meeting, at Milwaukee, E. S. Dahl and K. H. Rhodes, both of the Massey-Harris Company, included some interesting facts concerning the effect of leaks in an induction system. To illustrate their point they told the story of an incident tha t happened during field testing with a test engine that was not set up for the purpose of determining the effects of induction system leaks. This engine suffered excessively high cylinder bore wear and no one could ascertain the reason for it. The efficiency of the air cleaner was checked, hose connections were checked for leaks, manifold gaskets were checked, etc., but the excessive wear continued. I n fact, the manifold gasket was inspected carefully for dust, but none could be seen. Since it seemed certain that there was a leak some­ engines. (4) The After Filter. This unit is another where, a test was made using a blue dye and alcohol means of obtaining higher air cleaning efficiencies. mixture. This was squirted round the manifold flanges while the engine was running at full load and no load, intermittently, so that the manifold could Ess o Films cool and heat up alternately. When the manifold was removed, it showed traces of blue where the dust The film Basic Principles of Lubrication made for had been entering the engine between manifold and the Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., gained second gasket. The manifold gasket design was changed and prize in the Scientific Section of the Venice Film a new gasket installed. The result is shown in the Festival. It was the only film of its type to get an diagram and the reduction in rat e of wear is obvious. award, the first, third and fourth positions in the section being filled by medical films. This film has also had the unusual distinction of being shown twice Leaks in Induction System. at the Edinburgh Festival, in both the Educational The moral to this is tha t the possibility of leaks in and Scientific Sections, and it has been booked for the induction system of a tractor cannot be neglected showing at the 6th Congress of the International in the study of engine wear. A tractor usually Scientific Film Association to be held in Paris. works in a more dusty atmosphere than other i.e. engines, but the same applies to a lesser degree to all engines, and certainly when they operate in dusty NEW FILM "FAWLEY ACHIEVEMENT" conditions. A NEW documentary film has recently been released by the Esso Petroleum Company Ltd. and, as its title Induction System Design. portrays, is the story of the Fawley refinery. This film deals with the story of this refinery from the I n addition to the effect of leaks in the induction clearing of the ground to its going on stream. In system, the authors gave four other major factors addition to depicting progressive steps of construction, tha t should receive consideration in the induction it explains the economic significance of the £150 system. million programme of British Oil refinery expansion (1) Air Inlet Location. This should always be in which is now being undertaken by several of our a zone of less dust density. (2) The Pre-Cleaner. major oil companies. The authors said tha t the value of this item should be carefully considered before it is recommended that Besides the production of motor spirit, the additional cost be added to the system. Some kerosine, gas oils and fuel oils, the completion of the pre-cleaners reduce the particle size of some types of lubricating oils plant at Fawley, in September, 1953, dust entering the system, thus actually lowering the will meet all demands for lubricating oils at present overall efficiency of the system as a whole. Also, how purchased for dollars, with the exception of a few can it be determined if the tractor will be used in an specialised grades. area where the dust particles will break up into The film has been written and produced by members smaller particle sizes? (3) The Basic Air Cleaner. of the Esso staff, the commentary being written by This unit is of th e utmost importance and its efficiency Andrew Rice and spoken by James McKechnie. will vary from about 80 per cent with dust of 0 to 1 Showing time is 43 minutes. It is available on loan, micron size. The authors devoted most of thei r paper in 35 mm. and 16 mm. versions, by application to to test results showing the increased amount of wear Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., Public Relations resulting from inefficient air filtration on tractor Department, 36 Queen Anne's Gate, London, S.W.I. Scientific LUBRICATION 27 October, 1952 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Industrial Lubrication and Tribology Emerald Publishing

How DUST causes Engine Wear

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology , Volume 4 (10): 1 – Oct 1, 1952

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0036-8792
DOI
10.1108/eb052196
Publisher site
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Abstract

Ho w DUST causes Engine Wear I N a paper presented recently to the SAE National Tractor Meeting, at Milwaukee, E. S. Dahl and K. H. Rhodes, both of the Massey-Harris Company, included some interesting facts concerning the effect of leaks in an induction system. To illustrate their point they told the story of an incident tha t happened during field testing with a test engine that was not set up for the purpose of determining the effects of induction system leaks. This engine suffered excessively high cylinder bore wear and no one could ascertain the reason for it. The efficiency of the air cleaner was checked, hose connections were checked for leaks, manifold gaskets were checked, etc., but the excessive wear continued. I n fact, the manifold gasket was inspected carefully for dust, but none could be seen. Since it seemed certain that there was a leak some­ engines. (4) The After Filter. This unit is another where, a test was made using a blue dye and alcohol means of obtaining higher air cleaning efficiencies. mixture. This was squirted round the manifold flanges while the engine was running at full load and no load, intermittently, so that the manifold could Ess o Films cool and heat up alternately. When the manifold was removed, it showed traces of blue where the dust The film Basic Principles of Lubrication made for had been entering the engine between manifold and the Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., gained second gasket. The manifold gasket design was changed and prize in the Scientific Section of the Venice Film a new gasket installed. The result is shown in the Festival. It was the only film of its type to get an diagram and the reduction in rat e of wear is obvious. award, the first, third and fourth positions in the section being filled by medical films. This film has also had the unusual distinction of being shown twice Leaks in Induction System. at the Edinburgh Festival, in both the Educational The moral to this is tha t the possibility of leaks in and Scientific Sections, and it has been booked for the induction system of a tractor cannot be neglected showing at the 6th Congress of the International in the study of engine wear. A tractor usually Scientific Film Association to be held in Paris. works in a more dusty atmosphere than other i.e. engines, but the same applies to a lesser degree to all engines, and certainly when they operate in dusty NEW FILM "FAWLEY ACHIEVEMENT" conditions. A NEW documentary film has recently been released by the Esso Petroleum Company Ltd. and, as its title Induction System Design. portrays, is the story of the Fawley refinery. This film deals with the story of this refinery from the I n addition to the effect of leaks in the induction clearing of the ground to its going on stream. In system, the authors gave four other major factors addition to depicting progressive steps of construction, tha t should receive consideration in the induction it explains the economic significance of the £150 system. million programme of British Oil refinery expansion (1) Air Inlet Location. This should always be in which is now being undertaken by several of our a zone of less dust density. (2) The Pre-Cleaner. major oil companies. The authors said tha t the value of this item should be carefully considered before it is recommended that Besides the production of motor spirit, the additional cost be added to the system. Some kerosine, gas oils and fuel oils, the completion of the pre-cleaners reduce the particle size of some types of lubricating oils plant at Fawley, in September, 1953, dust entering the system, thus actually lowering the will meet all demands for lubricating oils at present overall efficiency of the system as a whole. Also, how purchased for dollars, with the exception of a few can it be determined if the tractor will be used in an specialised grades. area where the dust particles will break up into The film has been written and produced by members smaller particle sizes? (3) The Basic Air Cleaner. of the Esso staff, the commentary being written by This unit is of th e utmost importance and its efficiency Andrew Rice and spoken by James McKechnie. will vary from about 80 per cent with dust of 0 to 1 Showing time is 43 minutes. It is available on loan, micron size. The authors devoted most of thei r paper in 35 mm. and 16 mm. versions, by application to to test results showing the increased amount of wear Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., Public Relations resulting from inefficient air filtration on tractor Department, 36 Queen Anne's Gate, London, S.W.I. Scientific LUBRICATION 27 October, 1952

Journal

Industrial Lubrication and TribologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Oct 1, 1952

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