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Heat transfer hybrid nanofluid (1-Butanol/MoS2–Fe3O4) through a wavy porous cavity and its optimization

Heat transfer hybrid nanofluid (1-Butanol/MoS2–Fe3O4) through a wavy porous cavity and its... The purpose of this paper is to investigate natural convection in a porous wavy-walled enclosure that is including a cylinder cavity in the middle of it and filled with a hybrid nanofluid contains 1-Butanol as the base fluid and MoS2–Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles.Design/methodology/approachThe domain of interest is bounded by constant temperature horizontal corrugated surfaces and isothermal vertical flat surfaces. The numerical outputs are explained in the type of isotherms, streamline and average Nusselt number with variations of the Rayleigh number, Hartmann number, nanoparticle shape factor and porosity of the porous medium. For solving the governing equations, the finite element method has been used.FindingsThe results show that Nuave is proportional to Rayleigh and nanoparticle shape factor directly as well as it has an inverse relation with Hartmann and porosity. The obtained results reveal that the shape factor parameter has a significant effect on the heat transfer performance, which shows a 55.44% contribution on the average Nusselt number.Originality/valueAs a novelty, to maximize the heat transfer performance in a corrugated walls enclosure, the optimal parameters have intended by using the response surface and Taguchi methods. Additionally, an accurate correlation for the average Nusselt number is developed with sensibly great precision. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow Emerald Publishing

Heat transfer hybrid nanofluid (1-Butanol/MoS2–Fe3O4) through a wavy porous cavity and its optimization

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0961-5539
eISSN
0961-5539
DOI
10.1108/hff-07-2020-0442
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate natural convection in a porous wavy-walled enclosure that is including a cylinder cavity in the middle of it and filled with a hybrid nanofluid contains 1-Butanol as the base fluid and MoS2–Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles.Design/methodology/approachThe domain of interest is bounded by constant temperature horizontal corrugated surfaces and isothermal vertical flat surfaces. The numerical outputs are explained in the type of isotherms, streamline and average Nusselt number with variations of the Rayleigh number, Hartmann number, nanoparticle shape factor and porosity of the porous medium. For solving the governing equations, the finite element method has been used.FindingsThe results show that Nuave is proportional to Rayleigh and nanoparticle shape factor directly as well as it has an inverse relation with Hartmann and porosity. The obtained results reveal that the shape factor parameter has a significant effect on the heat transfer performance, which shows a 55.44% contribution on the average Nusselt number.Originality/valueAs a novelty, to maximize the heat transfer performance in a corrugated walls enclosure, the optimal parameters have intended by using the response surface and Taguchi methods. Additionally, an accurate correlation for the average Nusselt number is developed with sensibly great precision.

Journal

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid FlowEmerald Publishing

Published: May 3, 2021

Keywords: RSM; Taguchi method; Finite element method; 1-Butanol; Hybrid nanoparticle; Porous enclosure

References