PurposeThe purpose of this study is to examine gender as a key moderator in the relationship between effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and burnout among employees in Caribbean workplaces.Design/methodology/approachBased on a survey sample of 323 employees in a small developing country in the Caribbean, this study tested the hypothesis that the stressor–strain relationship (captured by ERI and burnout) is stronger for women than for men.FindingsThe results revealed that the effect of high effort-low rewards (i.e. ERI) on burnout among females was significantly larger than its effect on burnout for males. In contrast, high effort-high rewards were significantly associated with higher burnout levels for males.Research limitations/implicationsThe study used a cross-sectional approach using self-report measures of burnout, effort and rewards.Practical implicationsManagement in organisations should ensure that male and female employees’ efforts and contributions at work are appropriately and fairly rewarded as a means of reducing negative effects of ERIs.Originality/valueThe study examined how gender moderated the adverse effects of a popular work-stress model on employee health in a developing country context.
Gender in Management: An International Journal – Emerald Publishing
Published: Aug 7, 2017