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Gender differences in policing: signs of progress?

Gender differences in policing: signs of progress? Purpose – This exploratory study aims to compare job demands, work outcomes, social and coping resources and indicators of psychological and physical health of male and female police officers in Norway. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected using anonymously completed questionnaires. Findings – Many demographic differences were present in that male officers were older, worked more hours and overtime hours, were more likely to work continuous shiftwork, worked in smaller forces and were less educated. Few differences were found on job demands but male officers experienced more violence and threat, and female officers more harassment and discrimination. The two groups were generally similar on work satisfactions, social and coping resources and psychological and physical health. Research limitations/implications – All data were collected using questionnaires raising the possibility of common method variance. It is also not clear extent to what these findings generalize to police officers in other countries. Practical implications – While few differences were found between male and female police officers, the fact that females reported more harassment and discrimination suggests that police forces need to continue to address these gender issues. Originality/value – While other studies of police officers have suggested widespread gender differences, few appeared here. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Employee Relations: An International Journal Emerald Publishing

Gender differences in policing: signs of progress?

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0142-5455
DOI
10.1108/01425450510605732
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This exploratory study aims to compare job demands, work outcomes, social and coping resources and indicators of psychological and physical health of male and female police officers in Norway. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected using anonymously completed questionnaires. Findings – Many demographic differences were present in that male officers were older, worked more hours and overtime hours, were more likely to work continuous shiftwork, worked in smaller forces and were less educated. Few differences were found on job demands but male officers experienced more violence and threat, and female officers more harassment and discrimination. The two groups were generally similar on work satisfactions, social and coping resources and psychological and physical health. Research limitations/implications – All data were collected using questionnaires raising the possibility of common method variance. It is also not clear extent to what these findings generalize to police officers in other countries. Practical implications – While few differences were found between male and female police officers, the fact that females reported more harassment and discrimination suggests that police forces need to continue to address these gender issues. Originality/value – While other studies of police officers have suggested widespread gender differences, few appeared here.

Journal

Employee Relations: An International JournalEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 1, 2005

Keywords: Norway; Police; Demography; Sex and gender issues

References