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Gender differences and job satisfaction: a study of university teachers in the United States

Gender differences and job satisfaction: a study of university teachers in the United States Purpose – The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gender on the job satisfaction of US academics. Design/methodology/approach – The population for this study consisted of full‐time college and university teachers listed in the “Brain Track University Index Directories of the United States Colleges and Universities”. A sampling technique was used to select the respondents surveyed for this study. A total of 1,100 questionnaires were administered to respondents chosen from 80 universities. A total of 560 usable questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 51 percent. Findings – The findings of this research show that there are gender differences apparent in the job satisfaction levels of university teachers surveyed for this study. Female faculty were more satisfied with their work and co‐workers, whereas, their male colleagues were more satisfied with their pay, promotions, supervision, and overall job satisfaction. Results also indicated that ranks were significant in explaining gender differences and job satisfaction of the respondents. Research limitations/implications – This research is delimited to 4 year colleges and universities. Thus, the results of this study cannot be generalized to 2 year and community colleges. Practical implications – Findings of the study provides institutional leaders, university and college administrators, and human resources professionals with key information that would enable them to recruit, reward, promote, and retain women faculty. The finding would also enable the government address the issues concerning female academics. Originality/value – This paper offers practical recommendations to higher education administrators and human resources professionals on how to enhance job satisfaction of female faculty. It also offers suggestions to how to maintain more balanced gender equity in higher education. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Women In Management Review Emerald Publishing

Gender differences and job satisfaction: a study of university teachers in the United States

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0964-9425
DOI
10.1108/09649420510591852
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gender on the job satisfaction of US academics. Design/methodology/approach – The population for this study consisted of full‐time college and university teachers listed in the “Brain Track University Index Directories of the United States Colleges and Universities”. A sampling technique was used to select the respondents surveyed for this study. A total of 1,100 questionnaires were administered to respondents chosen from 80 universities. A total of 560 usable questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 51 percent. Findings – The findings of this research show that there are gender differences apparent in the job satisfaction levels of university teachers surveyed for this study. Female faculty were more satisfied with their work and co‐workers, whereas, their male colleagues were more satisfied with their pay, promotions, supervision, and overall job satisfaction. Results also indicated that ranks were significant in explaining gender differences and job satisfaction of the respondents. Research limitations/implications – This research is delimited to 4 year colleges and universities. Thus, the results of this study cannot be generalized to 2 year and community colleges. Practical implications – Findings of the study provides institutional leaders, university and college administrators, and human resources professionals with key information that would enable them to recruit, reward, promote, and retain women faculty. The finding would also enable the government address the issues concerning female academics. Originality/value – This paper offers practical recommendations to higher education administrators and human resources professionals on how to enhance job satisfaction of female faculty. It also offers suggestions to how to maintain more balanced gender equity in higher education.

Journal

Women In Management ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 1, 2005

Keywords: Job satisfaction; Gender; Absenteeism; Recruitment; Retention; Academic staff

References

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