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From person-environment misfit to job burnout: theoretical extensions

From person-environment misfit to job burnout: theoretical extensions Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the psychological mechanisms explaining the impact of fit on burnout based on meta-theories. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 199 employees participated in three waves with three-week intervals. Person-organization fit and person-job fit were measured in Wave 1, psychological-mechanism variables were measured in Wave 2, and burnout was measured in Wave 3. Findings – Person-organization fit and person-job fit related to three components of job burnout via multiple psychological mechanisms. Research limitations/implications – The findings help to extend existing theories on fit and burnout literature. The research advances the understanding of psychological mechanisms about how misfit leads to job burnout. It helps stimulate research interest to further investigation on their relationships and effects with other variables besides burnout. It also helps understand the construct of burnout. Practical implications – For individuals, person-job fit should be achieved as well as person-organization fit to avoid burnout. Measuring organization-based self-esteem (OBSE), psychological capital, and role conflict may help employers to recognize early signs of burnout and to develop effective interventions to reduce burnout. The findings help better understand the value of P-E fit and effective interventions in burnout. Social implications – It helps employees better select job and organization and adapt to the job and organization, reduce management cost, and keep mental health. Originality/value – Two original contributions are that: it adopted three meta-theories to comprehensively investigate the psychological mechanisms explaining how misfit leads to burnout; and it integrated individual and environmental factors of burnout into one fit-based model, which treats the person as a subject rather than a passive agent. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Managerial Psychology Emerald Publishing

From person-environment misfit to job burnout: theoretical extensions

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References (51)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0268-3946
DOI
10.1108/JMP-12-2012-0404
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the psychological mechanisms explaining the impact of fit on burnout based on meta-theories. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 199 employees participated in three waves with three-week intervals. Person-organization fit and person-job fit were measured in Wave 1, psychological-mechanism variables were measured in Wave 2, and burnout was measured in Wave 3. Findings – Person-organization fit and person-job fit related to three components of job burnout via multiple psychological mechanisms. Research limitations/implications – The findings help to extend existing theories on fit and burnout literature. The research advances the understanding of psychological mechanisms about how misfit leads to job burnout. It helps stimulate research interest to further investigation on their relationships and effects with other variables besides burnout. It also helps understand the construct of burnout. Practical implications – For individuals, person-job fit should be achieved as well as person-organization fit to avoid burnout. Measuring organization-based self-esteem (OBSE), psychological capital, and role conflict may help employers to recognize early signs of burnout and to develop effective interventions to reduce burnout. The findings help better understand the value of P-E fit and effective interventions in burnout. Social implications – It helps employees better select job and organization and adapt to the job and organization, reduce management cost, and keep mental health. Originality/value – Two original contributions are that: it adopted three meta-theories to comprehensively investigate the psychological mechanisms explaining how misfit leads to burnout; and it integrated individual and environmental factors of burnout into one fit-based model, which treats the person as a subject rather than a passive agent.

Journal

Journal of Managerial PsychologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 9, 2015

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