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Financial integration and bank profitability in five regional economic communities in Africa

Financial integration and bank profitability in five regional economic communities in Africa This paper examines the effect of both de jure and de facto measures of financial integration on bank profitability in five regional economic communities of Africa.Design/methodology/approachUsing panel data from 405 banks operating in 47 African countries across five regional economic communities over 2007–2014, the study constructs a composite measure of bank profitability. The study then employs the dynamic two-step system GMM estimation technique to test the effect of both de jure and de facto measures of financial integration on bank profitability in Africa and across five sub-regional markets.FindingsOverall, the results support a positive relationship between financial integration and overall bank profitability in Africa, except for the Arab Maghreb Union and Southern Africa Development Community.Practical implicationsThe findings of this study suggest that increased financial integration in Africa directly improves bank’s overall profitability and the variations among the sub-regional markets inform tailored policy initiatives.Originality/valueTo the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study on Africa to employ a composite measure of bank profitability to assess its determinants. It is also the first to include both de facto and de jure financial integration measures in a single study. This is also the first largest comparative study on bank profitability in Africa. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Emerging Markets Emerald Publishing

Financial integration and bank profitability in five regional economic communities in Africa

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1746-8809
DOI
10.1108/ijoem-08-2018-0435
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of both de jure and de facto measures of financial integration on bank profitability in five regional economic communities of Africa.Design/methodology/approachUsing panel data from 405 banks operating in 47 African countries across five regional economic communities over 2007–2014, the study constructs a composite measure of bank profitability. The study then employs the dynamic two-step system GMM estimation technique to test the effect of both de jure and de facto measures of financial integration on bank profitability in Africa and across five sub-regional markets.FindingsOverall, the results support a positive relationship between financial integration and overall bank profitability in Africa, except for the Arab Maghreb Union and Southern Africa Development Community.Practical implicationsThe findings of this study suggest that increased financial integration in Africa directly improves bank’s overall profitability and the variations among the sub-regional markets inform tailored policy initiatives.Originality/valueTo the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study on Africa to employ a composite measure of bank profitability to assess its determinants. It is also the first to include both de facto and de jure financial integration measures in a single study. This is also the first largest comparative study on bank profitability in Africa.

Journal

International Journal of Emerging MarketsEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 1, 2021

Keywords: Financial integration; Bank profitability; Two-step system GMM; Africa; Sub-regional analysis; F36; F65; G21; N27

References