Factors in absenteeism and presenteeism: life events and health events

Factors in absenteeism and presenteeism: life events and health events Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship of stressful life events and health related events with sickness absenteeism and presenteeism (attending work while ill or injured). Design/methodology/approach – A web‐based survey was conducted within a public service organization which had just undergone a significant downsizing, where the workforce was reduced by over 30 per cent. Findings – The findings indicated that stressful life events were significantly associated with both presenteeism and absenteeism, to the same degree. Research limitations/implications – These results extend previous research in suggesting that employees are substituting presenteeism for absenteeism. However, different health risks (chronic conditions vs needing counselling support) were more likely to predict absenteeism than presenteeism. Originality/value – By supporting a substitution hypothesis, the present study suggests that both presenteeism and absenteeism are important measures of employee health and organizational productivity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Management Research News Emerald Publishing

Factors in absenteeism and presenteeism: life events and health events

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0140-9174
DOI
10.1108/01409170810892163
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship of stressful life events and health related events with sickness absenteeism and presenteeism (attending work while ill or injured). Design/methodology/approach – A web‐based survey was conducted within a public service organization which had just undergone a significant downsizing, where the workforce was reduced by over 30 per cent. Findings – The findings indicated that stressful life events were significantly associated with both presenteeism and absenteeism, to the same degree. Research limitations/implications – These results extend previous research in suggesting that employees are substituting presenteeism for absenteeism. However, different health risks (chronic conditions vs needing counselling support) were more likely to predict absenteeism than presenteeism. Originality/value – By supporting a substitution hypothesis, the present study suggests that both presenteeism and absenteeism are important measures of employee health and organizational productivity.

Journal

Management Research NewsEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 20, 2008

Keywords: Employee behaviour; Absenteeism; Personal health; Stress

References

  • Sickness presenteeism, sickness absenteeism, and health following restructuring in a public service organization
    Caverley, N.; Cunningham, J.B.; MacGregor, J.N.
  • Sickness, absenteeism, presenteeism and sick pay
    Chatterji, M.; Tilley, C.J.
  • Working while ill as a risk factor for serious coronary events: the Whitehall II study
    Kivimäki, M.; Head, J.; Ferrie, J.E.; Hemingway, H.; Shipley, M.J.; Vahtera, J.; Marmot, M.G.

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