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Eye and vision problems associated with learning disabilities

Eye and vision problems associated with learning disabilities The purpose of this paper is to educate professionals, families and supporters about the importance of ensuring regular eye examinations for the people with learning disabilities.Design/methodology/approachThis is a general review of the type and prevalence of visual problems of which people with learning disabilities are most at risk.FindingsEye problems in people with learning disabilities are common but are often over-looked.Practical implicationsUncorrected refractive errors mean that people are unnecessarily denied experiences and learning opportunities. Spectacles are a simple solution, and most people can be supported to wear them. Cataracts and keratoconus are conditions that can lead to visual impairment, but which are now treatable and learning disabilities should not be a contra-indication to treatment. Untreatable eye conditions mean lifelong visual impairment, but if this is not recognised, care may be inappropriate or the learning disability assumed to be greater than it is.Originality/valueThe review describes how families and supporters can organise successful eye examinations, to ensure that no-one with learning disabilities has an eye condition that is not managed appropriately. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Tizard Learning Disability Review Emerald Publishing

Eye and vision problems associated with learning disabilities

Tizard Learning Disability Review , Volume 24 (3): 9 – Aug 13, 2019

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1359-5474
DOI
10.1108/tldr-01-2019-0001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to educate professionals, families and supporters about the importance of ensuring regular eye examinations for the people with learning disabilities.Design/methodology/approachThis is a general review of the type and prevalence of visual problems of which people with learning disabilities are most at risk.FindingsEye problems in people with learning disabilities are common but are often over-looked.Practical implicationsUncorrected refractive errors mean that people are unnecessarily denied experiences and learning opportunities. Spectacles are a simple solution, and most people can be supported to wear them. Cataracts and keratoconus are conditions that can lead to visual impairment, but which are now treatable and learning disabilities should not be a contra-indication to treatment. Untreatable eye conditions mean lifelong visual impairment, but if this is not recognised, care may be inappropriate or the learning disability assumed to be greater than it is.Originality/valueThe review describes how families and supporters can organise successful eye examinations, to ensure that no-one with learning disabilities has an eye condition that is not managed appropriately.

Journal

Tizard Learning Disability ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 13, 2019

Keywords: Learning disabilities; Vision; Eye examinations

References