Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Extracts from a paper EATING 197475

Extracts from a paper EATING 197475 livestock, together with the poor harvests resulting from droughts and floods in recent years have, Extracts from literally, eaten away the reserves. They now stand at something over 20 days of world grain con­ sumption only, compared with 95 days in 1961. a paper Th e scarcity has driven up prices for everyone, rich and poor alike. Wheat and rice prices tripled EATING 1974-75 between the end of 1972 and the beginning of 1974. Th e world grain stocks in addition to providing the imports for the normal food trade of countries by Elisabeth Stamp like Britain have also provided food aid for the poor countries, with the USA the major donor. But as Oxfam Information Officer the stocks have fallen so food aid has had to be cut back. Shipments of American food aid items declined from 2.6 mn. tons in 1972 to an estimated 1.3 mn. tons in 1974. Wheat shipments were reduced by a half and there is no rice or dried At least one third of the food grains produced in milk in the programme this year. Only increased the world ― ove r four hundred million tons ― ar e shipments of maize, oats and sorghum have being fed to livestock. Instead of being eaten prevented the cuts being much greater. In human directly by human beings, they are converted, terms, it is estimated that 20 million of the world's usually very wastefully, into meat for the consumers poorest people have been cut off from food aid of the rich world. programmes. We in the rich countries consume on average 2,200 lbs of grain per head each year; 140 lbs eaten Th e world shortages and consequent high prices, directly, and 2,060 lbs eaten indirectly as animal together with the higher costs of oil and fertiliser products. In the poor world they eat 400 lbs of now require more food production worldwide. The grain each, almost all of it eaten directly in the poor countries required 16 mn . tons of food imports form of bread, or porridge/gruel. on average per annum from 1969 to 1972. The Food & Agriculture Organisation of the UN Animals are poor converters of grain, but estimate that the poor countries' food deficit will conversion rates vary enormously. Grain-fed cattle have increased to 85 mn. tons by 1985 ― a on average consume at least ten pounds of grain horrifying food gap, with still many millions for every pound of meat they produce. Pigs are undernourished. more efficient, working on a 4 : 1 ratio in modern production units. And chickens intensively reared It would help the world situation if in our on 2/3 lbs of grain to one pound of meat. But even affluent society we looked at ways of growing and these figures for pigs and poultry take no account eating cheaper and more sensible foods. This would of the further consumption of fish-meal and oilseed balance our own housekeeping budget and cut concentrates, whose ingredients are often imported back the nation's food import bill as well as from poor countries. Left out of the reckoning releasing more food for the undernourished altogether are the energy costs ― th e heating and countries of the world. We also need to cut out lighting necessary for intensive production units. waste, whether in the dustbin, in the food Only grass-fed sheep and some cattle who graze processing industry or on the farm. hill and other land unsuitable for cereal growing In the U K we import nearly half of our food and are truly efficient converters, taking grass which 30 % of the amount of meat we eat. Most of us eat man cannot eat, and turning it into a valuable more protein than we need and we like to eat it in protein food. animal form. We've forgotten the protein content of cereals and pulses. We're bored with potatoes When food was plentiful in world markets, at unless they've been changed into crisps or instant relatively cheap prices, we could afford to increase powder. Although we have suffered the high food our consumption unthinkingly, despite several prices, very few have gone hungry. Our taxes have hundred million undernourished people in the provided subsidies on certain basic foods. Some world. Today the situation has changed drama­ farmers complain that they cannot afford to feed tically. The world grain stocks from which we their animals, but in India and Bangladesh many purchase our imports, alongside the Indians and families have dead children because they could not the Russians, are seriously depleted. Increased afford to feed them. demand from the rising populations of people and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nutrition & Food Science Emerald Publishing

Extracts from a paper EATING 197475

Nutrition & Food Science , Volume 75 (2): 1 – Feb 1, 1975

Loading next page...
 
/lp/emerald-publishing/extracts-from-a-paper-eating-197475-KEVFVlZMUs

References

References for this paper are not available at this time. We will be adding them shortly, thank you for your patience.

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0034-6659
DOI
10.1108/eb058618
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

livestock, together with the poor harvests resulting from droughts and floods in recent years have, Extracts from literally, eaten away the reserves. They now stand at something over 20 days of world grain con­ sumption only, compared with 95 days in 1961. a paper Th e scarcity has driven up prices for everyone, rich and poor alike. Wheat and rice prices tripled EATING 1974-75 between the end of 1972 and the beginning of 1974. Th e world grain stocks in addition to providing the imports for the normal food trade of countries by Elisabeth Stamp like Britain have also provided food aid for the poor countries, with the USA the major donor. But as Oxfam Information Officer the stocks have fallen so food aid has had to be cut back. Shipments of American food aid items declined from 2.6 mn. tons in 1972 to an estimated 1.3 mn. tons in 1974. Wheat shipments were reduced by a half and there is no rice or dried At least one third of the food grains produced in milk in the programme this year. Only increased the world ― ove r four hundred million tons ― ar e shipments of maize, oats and sorghum have being fed to livestock. Instead of being eaten prevented the cuts being much greater. In human directly by human beings, they are converted, terms, it is estimated that 20 million of the world's usually very wastefully, into meat for the consumers poorest people have been cut off from food aid of the rich world. programmes. We in the rich countries consume on average 2,200 lbs of grain per head each year; 140 lbs eaten Th e world shortages and consequent high prices, directly, and 2,060 lbs eaten indirectly as animal together with the higher costs of oil and fertiliser products. In the poor world they eat 400 lbs of now require more food production worldwide. The grain each, almost all of it eaten directly in the poor countries required 16 mn . tons of food imports form of bread, or porridge/gruel. on average per annum from 1969 to 1972. The Food & Agriculture Organisation of the UN Animals are poor converters of grain, but estimate that the poor countries' food deficit will conversion rates vary enormously. Grain-fed cattle have increased to 85 mn. tons by 1985 ― a on average consume at least ten pounds of grain horrifying food gap, with still many millions for every pound of meat they produce. Pigs are undernourished. more efficient, working on a 4 : 1 ratio in modern production units. And chickens intensively reared It would help the world situation if in our on 2/3 lbs of grain to one pound of meat. But even affluent society we looked at ways of growing and these figures for pigs and poultry take no account eating cheaper and more sensible foods. This would of the further consumption of fish-meal and oilseed balance our own housekeeping budget and cut concentrates, whose ingredients are often imported back the nation's food import bill as well as from poor countries. Left out of the reckoning releasing more food for the undernourished altogether are the energy costs ― th e heating and countries of the world. We also need to cut out lighting necessary for intensive production units. waste, whether in the dustbin, in the food Only grass-fed sheep and some cattle who graze processing industry or on the farm. hill and other land unsuitable for cereal growing In the U K we import nearly half of our food and are truly efficient converters, taking grass which 30 % of the amount of meat we eat. Most of us eat man cannot eat, and turning it into a valuable more protein than we need and we like to eat it in protein food. animal form. We've forgotten the protein content of cereals and pulses. We're bored with potatoes When food was plentiful in world markets, at unless they've been changed into crisps or instant relatively cheap prices, we could afford to increase powder. Although we have suffered the high food our consumption unthinkingly, despite several prices, very few have gone hungry. Our taxes have hundred million undernourished people in the provided subsidies on certain basic foods. Some world. Today the situation has changed drama­ farmers complain that they cannot afford to feed tically. The world grain stocks from which we their animals, but in India and Bangladesh many purchase our imports, alongside the Indians and families have dead children because they could not the Russians, are seriously depleted. Increased afford to feed them. demand from the rising populations of people and

Journal

Nutrition & Food ScienceEmerald Publishing

Published: Feb 1, 1975

There are no references for this article.